Required Resources

Read/review the following resources for this activity:

  • Textbook: Chapter 5, 6
  • Lesson
  • Minimum of 2 scholarly sources (in addition to the course textbook)

Instructions

This assignment is the first step in a three part project. You only need to focus on part one at this point. Each step will build on earlier steps. However, it is not a matter of providing a rough draft of all or even part of the entire project here in week three. That is, further steps might require completely new and original text.  At the same time, completing each step will aid you in completing a future step or future steps. And, you should use the same topic in all steps.

First, select a topic of moral controversy, debate, disagreement, and dispute, Examples of such topics are euthanasia, the death penalty, abortion, cloning, etc. You can pick any such topic. It need not be listed here.

Next, detail the positions of each side of the ethical debate. Note at least two moral reasons each side presents to show their view on the topic is correct.

Now, we want to evaluate these positions using the moral theories we studied this week:

  • What would an Ethical Egoist say about this topic? What side would the Ethical Egoist take? What would the Ethical Egoist say to justify their moral position? Is there a conflict between loyalty to self and to community relevant to your topic? If so, how so? Note what you feel is the best course of action.
  • What would a Social Contract Ethicist say about this topic? What side would the Social Contract Ethicist take? What would the Social Contract Ethicist say to justify their moral position? Does your topic involve a collision between personal obligations and national ones? If so, how so? Note what you feel is the best course of action.

Finally, reference and discuss any professional code of ethics relevant to your topic such as the AMA code for doctors, the ANA code for nurses, or any other pertinent professional code. State whether and how your chosen topic involves any conflicts between professional and familial duties.

Cite the textbook and incorporate outside sources, including citations.

Writing Requirements (APA format)

  • Length: 3-4pages (not including title page or references page)
  • 1-inch margins
  • Double spaced
  • 12-point Times New Roman font
  • Title page
  • References page (minimum of 2 scholarly sources in addition to the course textbook)

Reference

Rachels, S., & Rachels, J. (2019). The elements of moral philosophy (9th ed.). Mcgraw-Hill Education.

Week 4 Discussion: Utilitarianism

11 unread reply.11 reply.

Required Resources

Read/review the following resources for this activity:

  • Textbook: Chapters 7, 8
  • Lesson
  • Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook)

Initial Post Instructions

The principle of utility involves maximizing happiness as a desirable outcome of decisions. Although it does not get directly said, there is an inverse intention to minimize the undesirable outcome of disaster. Utilitarian decisions are directed toward outcomes—that is, the consequences of decisions.

We need to look at results. We first look at the actual results of an action. We judge if it was the best possible result. We can judge the actual results in comparison to other results that reasonably could be said to have been possible.

If we do not yet have the actual results of an action, we do not know if it is moral or not. We can talk hypothetically about what might happen, and then what that would show about the morality of an action. However, if we do not know what the action had as its consequences, we cannot yet say if it is moral or not.

Initial Post Instructions

For the initial post of this week’s discussion respond to one of the following options, and label the beginning of your post indicating either Option 1, Option 2, or Option 3:

Option 1: You are a nurse on a floor with only elderly patients. Every day, each patient tells you about how much pain they are in and asks you to help them. They want you to inject them with something to end their lives. If the patients die, the beds on that floor would be freed up for other patients. The hospital is at 100 percent capacity. There is no other hospital for 30 miles. Other patients may be not receiving care due to a lack of free beds. What is the moral thing to do here? Why is that the moral thing to do? What would an utilitarian say is the moral thing to do? Why would they say that? Compare and contrast the utilitarian approach with that of an ethical egoist or social contact theorist

Option 2: A new social media app is offering itself to you for free. If you upload a picture to it, the app will show how you will look at 10 years. John Doe, a friend of yours, says not to use the app as it will then possess your biometric facial data. Jane Doe, another friend of yours, says that she heard the app shares the facial data with a security firm that helps the government detect terrorists at airports. Should you use this app? Why or why not? If John Doe is right, would an utilitarian say it is right to use the app? Why or why not?  If Jane Doe is right, would a social contract theorists say it is right to use the app? Consider the role the Fourth Amendment at play here.

Option 3: You are a nursing student at the XYZ College. It has a 50 percent acceptance rate (half the applicants do not get in). XYZ is a public college. XYZ has decided to implement an affirmative action policy. The college has few students over the age of 50. To encourage more students of that age, every student 50 or older will receive a bonus point. A student’s admission is dependent on having 11 points. One earns points for a GPA above a certain score, ACT/SAT score above a certain number, having a letter of recommendation, etc. XYZ also lacks LGBT students, Muslim, and African-American students and is considering offering a bonus point for any student fitting those categories. What is the key moral conflict for XYZ? What social values should XYZ promote here? What diverse populations are involved here, and what are their interests? Do you think XYZ’s social action is the correct solution to lack of diversity? Why or why not? Factor the ethics of egoism and utilitarianism into your answer.

Reference

Rachels, S., & Rachels, J. (2019). The elements of moral philosophy (9th ed.). Mcgraw-Hill Education.

Required Resources

Read/review the following resources for this activity:

  • Textbook: Chapters 7, 8
  • Lesson
  • Minimum of 2 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook)
  • Narrated PowerPoint Tutorial (Make sure to review this tutorial before you begin recording.)

Instructions

For this week’s assignment respond to one of the following options, and include Option 1, 2, or 3 as part of your heading.

Option 1: The first option is to name and describe in detail a key specific and recent healthcare technology. What are at least two key moral problems this technology creates? What are the proper moral guidelines for dealing with it in your view? Compare your approach to what an utilitarian and ethical egoist would say (each independently).

Option 2: In the second option, name and describe in detail a key specific and recent social technology. What are at least two key moral problems this technology creates? What are the proper moral guidelines for dealing with it in your view? Compare your moral approach to what an utilitarian and social contract ethicist would say (each independently).

Option 3: John Doe, Patient One, is in late stage of kidney disease. If he does not receive a new kidney, then he is predicted to die within a week. Doe is 45, single, and has no children. Doctors theorize that Doe damaged his kidney by not following a low-salt diet. Doe inherited one million dollars and is known for giving money to charity. Without a transplant, he will probably be forced to spend all his money searching for a kidney outside of the usual legal channels.  Patient Two is Jane Doe (no relation to John). Patient Two is a mother of two children (ages 21 and 24). She is divorced and 55 years old. She developed kidney problems due to eating a high-fat and high-sugar diet. If she does not receive a kidney within one month, doctors believe she will die.  Patient Three is an orphan. This orphan lives in a state facility. She was born with a genetic condition that constantly damages her kidney. The only known approach to her condition is to provide her with a kidney transplant every so often. She is 11 and has already undergone two kidney transplants. She will perish in two months if she does not receive another transplant.

All three patients are at the same hospital. The hospital only has one kidney to give out. The orphan’s birth parents were known to be of a religion that is opposed to organ donation. The other patients come from religions that do not oppose organ donation. Who should get the kidney?  Why should that candidate receive it over the others? Devise a course of social action and a solution for this case by using the ethics of egoism and then utilitarianism to a key moral conflict involving health care in this case. Appraise the interests of diverse populations (in terms  of ethnicity, race, religion, sexual orientation, etc.) and how they relate to the case.

For all the options:

Cite the textbook and incorporate outside sources, including citations.

You should not be using any text you used in a discussion board or assignment for this class or any previous class.

You will submit all of the following:

  • A written report that presents one of the options above (Be sure to give equal time to each element.)
  • An oral presentation that summarizes the report and examines the ethical ideas beyond the particulars of each case.
  • The link or a scan of the article mentioning the health technology, social technology, or case you are reporting on. If you made up the case, please indicate that in your report.

You should not be using any text you used in a discussion board or assignment for this class or any previous class.

Cite the textbook and incorporate outside sources, including citations.

Writing Requirements (APA format)

  • Length: 3-4 pages (not including title page or references page)
  • 1-inch margins
  • Double spaced
  • 12-point Times New Roman font
  • Title page
  • References page (minimum of 2 scholarly sources)

Presentation Requirements

  • Length: 2-3 minutes

9 Assignment

Assignment: Typologies of Sexual Assaults

There are many different types of sexual assaults and many different types of offenders. Although they are different, they can be classified in order to create a common language between the criminal justice field and the mental health field. This in turn will enable more accurate research, predict future offenses, and assist in the prosecution and rehabilitation of the offenders.

In this Assignment, you compare different typologies of sexual offenders to determine the differences in motivation, expression of aggression, and underlining personality structure. You also determine the best way to interview each typology of sexual offenders.

To prepare for this Assignment:

Review the Learning Resources.

Select two typologies of sexual offenders listed in the resources.

By Day 7

In a 3- to 5- page paper:

Compare the two typologies of sexual offenders you selected by explaining the following:

The motivational differences between the two typologies

The expression of aggression in the two typologies

The differences in the underlining personality structure of the two typologies

Excellent – above expectations

Points Range:

47.25 (63%) – 52.5 (70%)

Paper demonstrates an excellent understanding of all of the concepts and key points presented in the text/s and Learning Resources. Paper provides significant detail including multiple relevant examples, evidence from the readings and other sources, and discerning ideas.

Points Range:

42 (56%) – 47.2 (62.93%)

Paper demonstrates a good understanding of most of the concepts and key points presented in the text/s and Learning Resources. Paper includes moderate detail, evidence from the readings, and discerning ideas.

Points Range:

36.75 (49%) – 41.95 (55.93%)

Paper demonstrates a fair understanding of the concepts and key points as presented in the text/s and Learning Resources. Paper may be lacking in detail and specificity and/or may not include sufficient pertinent examples or provide sufficient evidence from the readings.

Points Range:

0 (0%) – 36.7 (48.93%)

Paper demonstrates poor understanding of the concepts and key points of the text/s and Learning Resources. Paper is missing detail and specificity and/or does not include any pertinent examples or provide sufficient evidence from the readings.

Writing

Points Range:

20.25 (27%) – 22.5 (30%)

Paper is well organized, uses scholarly tone, follows APA style, uses original writing and proper paraphrasing, contains very few or no writing and/or spelling errors, and is fully consistent with graduate level writing style. Paper contains multiple, appropriate and exemplary sources expected/required for the assignment.

 

You always hurt the one you love

The one you shouldn’t hurt at all

You always take the sweetest rose

And crush it till the petals fall

—“You Always Hurt the One You Love,” song written by Doris Fisher and Allan Roberts

Intimate partner violence can bring unique experiences for forensic psychology professionals, as oftentimes the victim wants to protect the offender. Police are repeatedly called to the same household under domestic violence complaints. Victims may want law enforcement assistance at the time of the crime, but are reluctant to follow through with charges and testimony. This cycle of abuse is challenging to understand for those working with these individuals.

In this Discussion, you apply the concepts of personality disorder from earlier in the course as you analyze the manifestation of intimate partner violence by the offender and the possible counterintuitive behaviors of their victims.

Explain how the different personalities you have studied manifest in intimate partner violence. Explain possible counterintuitive behaviors that victims might display. Provide examples that illustrate your rationales. Explain how victim responses potentially create a dilemma for those in the criminal justice system and how a forensic psychology professional should react.

Bartol, C. R., & Bartol, A. M. (2017). Criminal behavior: A psychological approach (11th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

Chapter 9, “Homicide, Assault, and Intimate Partner and Family Violence” (pp. 247–287)

Excellent – above expectations

Main Discussion Posting Content

21.6 (54%) – 24 (60%)

Discussion posting demonstrates an excellent understanding of all of the concepts and key points presented in the text/s and Learning Resources. Posting provides significant detail including multiple relevant examples, evidence from the readings and other scholarly sources, and discerning ideas.

7.2 (18%) – 8 (20%)

Postings are well organized, use scholarly tone, contain original writing , proper paraphrasing, follow APA style, contain very few or no writing and/or spelling errors, and are fully consistent with graduate level writing style.

 

Final Project: Psychological Aspects of Offender Behavior

By Day 7

Write an 8- to 10-page interview strategy that includes the following:

A summary of the murder case you selected

An analysis of the offender’s personality, including any personality disorders or comorbidity that may be present

An explanation of how aggression, attachment, and empathy factor into the offender’s personality

An explanation of how “state” versus “trait” factors into the case

Recommendations for the interview, including the following:

Selection of the interviewer

Environment of the interview

How to manage the interviewer’s response

Description of how to ask the interview questions

Austin (Tex.). Police Department Records of the Charles Whitman Mass Murder Case

An Inventory of the Collection

Collection Summary

Creator: Austin (Tex.). Police Department

Title: Austin (Tex.). Police Department Records of the Charles Whitman Mass Murder Case

Dates: 1941-2000

Dates (Bulk): 1966

Abstract: Charles Joseph Whitman (1941-1966) was an ex-Marine and student at the University of Texas at Austin who shot and killed 14 people and wounded at least 33 others from the UT Tower observation deck on August 1, 1966. In the early morning hours prior to the UT attack, Whitman also murdered his beloved mother and his wife. Another individual died years later of complications from a gunshot wound inflicted during the UT attack, bringing the total death toll to 17. The collection (1941-2000, undated) documents the Austin Police Department (APD) investigation into the mass murder and is composed of reports generated by APD and other investigating bodies, photographs, negatives, digital images, correspondence, personal writings, notes, and clippings.

Accession number: AR.2000.002

Quantity: 7.25 linear feet (14 boxes)

Location: Archives Stacks, qAR, Outer Vault

Language: English

Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library,

810 Guadalupe, PO Box 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Discussion: Assessing Homicide Offenders

There are many types of homicides, including single, spree, mass, and serial. The motivation for each can be quite different. In most single homicides, the victim knows the offender and is commonly a family member. Murder sprees are the killing of three or more people without a cooling-off period and at multiple locations. These offenders may be motivated by a desire to show that they are to be reckoned with. Mass murder involves killing three or more individuals at a single location without a cooling-off period. These are more likely to be motivated by revenge and a desire to get even. The final type, the serial killer, will kill over time with an extended cooling-off period. They can be motivated by anger, thrill, financial gain, and attention seeking. Understanding the motivation and the mental status of homicide offenders has an influence on the potential prosecution and defense of the offender.

In this Discussion, you analyze the case of Charles Whitman. You will be the expert witness for the defense or the prosecution and provide recommendations for the case.

To prepare for this Discuss.

  • Review the Charles Whitman case in the appropriate resources.
  • The Instructor will assign you to serve as an expert witness for either the prosecution or the defense by Day 1 of this week.

If Charles Whitman had faced prosecution, how would you, as a forensic psychology professional expert witness for either the prosecution or the defense, have assessed his personality? What are the risk/protective factors in his background that might relate to the mass shooting he committed? If you are a witness for the defense, how would you have assisted the defense? If you are working for the prosecution, how would you have assisted that side?

Explain the two major types of bias. Identify a peer-reviewed epidemiology article that discusses potential issues with bias as a limitation and discuss what could have been done to minimize the bias (exclude articles that combine multiple studies such as meta-analysis and systemic review articles). What are the implications of making inferences based on data with bias? Include a link to the article in your reference.

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The organization is Abercrombie and Fitch

Create a 10- to 12-slide presentation with detailed speaker notes and visuals on every slide that includes the following elements:

  • An analysis of the organization’s current culture (e.g., beliefs, expectations, values, and norms). Address how managers influence the organizational culture.
  • An evaluation of the impact of demographic forces (e.g., age, gender, ethnic origin, race, sexual orientation, and social class) of your selected organization and what it could be
  • An examination of the impact of technological forces (e.g., changes in the technology managers use to design, produce, or distribute goods and services) of your selected company
  • Consider how this can contribute to innovation within the industry.
  • An examination on how the organization has complied with ethics and social responsibility behavior
  • Recommendations of ways to innovate based on your analysis
  • Summary
  • References

https://openstax.org/books/psychology/pages/2-introduction

Make sure you have thoroughly read and reviewed the Chapter 2 text and powerpoint.

Instructions

Part 1: Initial Post

Write one paragraph of 5-7 sentences on each of the three topics below. This is a total of three paragraphs. You should use this three paragraph format for all discussion boards.

  1. Define (in your own words) the following terms: experimental group, control group, independent variable, and dependent variable.
  2. True random sampling can be difficult to obtain. Explain the following concepts: population, random sample, representative group, random assignment. Explore the idea of using the popular convenient sample of students enrolled in an Introduction to Psychology course. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this type of sample?
  3. Propose a simple approach to studying a psychological issue you are interested in. Make sure to include the independent variable, dependent variable, and sample.

Part 2: 

https://openstax.org/books/psychology/pages/1-1-what-is-psychology

1.Which two early fields led to the formation of the field of psychology? After identifying those two fields, describe the study of each field and give a real-world example of something that could be studied by each of the two.

2.Explain the two first theories of psychology (structuralism and functionalism). Be sure to include the focus of study and the methods of each theory. 

3.Explain the theory of behaviorism. How was behaviorism different from previous psychological theories? What were the behaviorists studying and how did they study it? Give a real-world example of something that could be understood using behaviorist theory.