Assignment   12 


Begin Final Exam


The final exam is an Essay Exam that covers chapters 11 through 14 in  the course text.  All assignments MUST be typed, double-spaced, in APA  style, and written at graduate level English. Be sure use the course  text to support your responses, citing in APA format.


Your response to each question should be approx. ½ page per question


Your responses to the entire exam should be 5-7 pages total plus a title and reference page 

  Petra  finds out that her classmate, Julie, thinks that she is really cool.  This makes Petra like Julie more than she did before. What does research  suggest about this kind of “reciprocity of liking?”  Tom’s  new girlfriend, Elise, has a habit of biting her nails. This did not  bother Tom when he first met her, but it is beginning to annoy him more  and more with each passing day. Tom is starting to think that this is a  sign that Elise might just not be the right person for him. What would a  social psychologist say?  Suppose  that Anabelle and Roger are two lonely people. Anabelle seeks to stave  off loneliness by forming “relationships” with her favorite celebrities  (reading about their lives in Us magazine, watching updates about them on E! Entertainment,  etc.), while Roger seeks to dissipate his loneliness by spending time  with his dog Fluff (buying his dog presents, taking his dog for long  walks, and talking to his dog each night about his day). What does  research suggest about the effectiveness of these techniques?  Moira  and Abdul fell in “love at first sight” a few days ago. They think  about each other constantly and the sexual tension between them runs  high. Consequently, they spend most of their time having sex and little  time talking. Discuss their intimacy level according to Sternberg’s  theory?  Andre  really believes in himself and doesn’t suffer much in the way of social  anxiety. Yet he has a hard time trusting his girlfriend (even though  she has given him no reason for this). His girlfriend feels frustrated  with the relationship, because Andre seems so aloof and far away.  According to attachment theory, what style of attachment does Andre  have?  Suppose  that Hillary has somewhat high self-esteem, while her sister Lola has  somewhat low self-esteem. Meanwhile, their cousin Nancy has  extraordinarily high self-esteem—to the point of being completely  narcissistic. And another cousin of theirs, Hattie, has extraordinarily  low self-esteem, such that she is brimming with self-criticism and  self-hate. What does research suggest about the likelihood that Hillary,  Lola, Nancy, and Hattie will have successful long-term relationships?  Jennifer  is a student at UCLA. When asked to describe the average UCLA student,  she says it is almost impossible to do so because “there are so many  different kinds of people at UCLA; the diversity is really amazing.” By  contrast, when asked to describe the average USC student, Jennifer says:  “That’s easy; they’re all almost exactly the same.” What would social  psychologists say that Jennifer is displaying?  Suppose  that Madison has just begun dating Wayne. While at his house, she  notices some family photos on the coffee table. She notices that—even  though Wayne himself is not overweight—every other member of his family  is clearly obese. Somehow, this makes Wayne seem less attractive to  Madison. What does Madison’s attitude illustrate?  Let’s  assume that most high school students have “attitude” at one time or  another. Mr. Schmidt, a high school athletic director, is a very  prejudiced individual. He usually notices when the black students in  school have “attitude” and rarely notices when the white students show  “attitude.” Consequently, he continues to believe that black students  are disrespectful to authority.  How does Mr. Schmidt’s tendency to  focus on social information in a biased way support his prejudiced  belief?  Jonah  is really worried about playing the piano at his recital in front of  his girlfriend, who has expressed a desire to be at the recital. Jonah  keeps thinking about her instead of concentrating on playing his music.  Which of the three processes that influences social facilitation does  this scenario most emphasize?

 Assignment Outcomes   

Compare and contrast major theorists and the concepts of social perception and social cognition 


Formulate the concepts of group function, social influence, interpersonal conflict, and pro-social behavior


Discriminate and assess the determinants of aggression


Integrate cultural, legal, and ethical issues of social psychology


Analyze some of the major contemporary research trends in social psychology

Respond to a colleague by suggesting other advantages or disadvantages of the model for effective problem solving.

Colleague: Julie

 There is an old saying about many hands making light work. This can be seen demonstrated in the concept of teamwork. It is commonly accepted that more can be accomplished through a group, than with a single person. There are many that find working with others difficult and these individuals prefer to work alone. The ability to work well with others at home, school, and in society, can be understood as social and emotional intelligence. Adults obtain social and emotional intelligence through the social and emotional learning they received during their maturation process (Van Velsor, 2009). There have been findings that support positive outcomes in adults that have developed social and emotional intelligence (Van Velsor, 2009). This makes evident the need to help children to develop social skills and prosocial behaviors. Children can develop social and emotional learning through participation in a task group.

            The classroom is an ideal setting for a task group with the purpose of cultivating social and emotional intelligence. School children should not be limited to knowledge in academics alone. A well-rounded education should include social and emotional learning as a part of the curriculum. Social workers can work with teachers and develop the goal for the task groups (Van Velsor, 2009). The students in the task group can work together on an academic task while the social worker assists them with their collaboration. The social worker should help the task group with a balance between the content and the process of the group (Van Velsor, 2009). As the students work to complete the task, there will be many opportunities to develop socially. The social worker would model how to interact with others in the task group (Van Velsor, 2009). Team building exercises could be implemented to build cohesion in the task group (Van Velsor, 2009). This develops the process aspect of the group. Conflict is likely in a task group that includes children. The social worker can help mediate the conflict through providing problem solving strategies (Van Velsor, 2009). Conflict in a task group can provide another opportunity for the social worker to model skills in conflict resolution.

            The model for effective problem solving is an example of a tool that can be used to address challenges. The model consists of the identification of a problem, the development of goals, gathering data, developing, selecting, and then implementing, a plan (Toseland & Rivas, 2017). Goal development in treatment groups are developed after the worker conducts individual assessments and then continue to be ongoing as goals are reformulated (Toseland & Rivas, 2017). Tasks groups are linked to the goals of an organization (Toseland & Rivas, 2017). The purpose of treatment groups is meeting the socioemotional needs of the group members (Toseland & Rivas, 2017). Specific goals are decided upon during the initial assessment process in treatment groups (Toseland & Rivas, 2017). In task groups, the goals are formed by the worker who is given a specific task from a sponsoring organization (Toseland & Rivas, 2017). Tasks groups can have a group-centered goal, common group goals, and individual goals (Toseland & Rivas, 2017).

            Different types of data are gathered in treatment and task groups. In treatment groups, the worker should continually assess the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environment, aspects of each of the group members (Toseland & Rivas, 2017). The workers in tasks groups will also assess these same aspects but not as comprehensively, and with a different focus (Toseland & Rivas, 2017). An example of the data a worker would gather could be related to the group member’s motivation for attending and expectation about achieving the group’s purpose (Toseland & Rivas, 2017).

            Task groups address and solve problems. The six-step problem solving model is ideal for usage in task groups. The simple, specific, and comprehensive steps make this model advantageous to implement. Growth can occur as a result from application of this model. An example of a disadvantage is when group members have hidden agendas (Toseland & Rivas, 2017). This model could be effective with adults in the mental health population that needs guidance with their thought processes. It could also be used in group work to assist people with the group work collaboration needed to address a problem. It presents a clear model with a structured approach that I could use with a variety of populations.


Toseland, R. W., & Rivas, R. F. (2017). An introduction to group work practice (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

Van Velsor, P. (2009). Task groups in the school setting: Promoting children’s social and emotional learning. Journal for

                        Specialists in Group Work, 34(3), 276-292.

  Final Paper: A Literature Review

Conduct a literature review (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (see Bem, 2016).  You will review and summarize relevant theory and research in order to defend a particular position (your thesis).  The topic of your literature review might come from the following list, or you may identify a different area of interest.  However, if you choose something other than the options below, you must obtain permission from your instructor prior to writing/submitting the paper.  It is up to the instructor’s discretion to allow/disallow alternative topics.  Here are some ideas you might choose to explore: Accuracy of Proverbs Example:  “Don’t judge a book by its cover” or “Beauty is a good letter of introduction”?  In other words, what can one conclude based on appearance alone? Example:  “Absence makes the heart grow fonder” or “Out of sight, out of mind”?  In other words, do long distances or extended amounts of time strengthen relationship ties, or weaken them? Example:  “Birds of a feather flock together” or “Opposites attract”?  In other words, are people attracted to similar or dissimilar others? Impact of Titles/Labels Example:  How do team mascots (such as the Redskins or Braves) impact Native Americans (self-esteem, stereotype threat, etc.)? Example:  How do labels (such as smart/stupid, crazy or criminal, etc.) impact people’s mental processes and behaviors? Altruism Example:  Does true altruism exist?  What motivates people to help? Explanatory Style Example:  Do optimists experience better life outcomes than pessimists?  Persuasive Appeals Example:  How do political campaigns utilize various techniques? Self-esteem  Example:  Is there a dark side? Can one be too confident? School Size Example:  Do students fare better in big schools or small schools?  Why? Reactance Example:  What is the theory behind “reverse psychology”? Gender Differences Example:  in aggression, sex, etc. A Form of Prejudice Example:  fat prejudice, racial prejudice, etc. Psychology and the Law Example:  jury behavior, etc. Other:  Must be approved by your instructor in advance!

The Final Paper Must be at least 5 to 10 double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Must include a separate title page (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. with the following: A header Title of paper Student’s name Course name and number Instructor’s name Date submitted Must begin with an introductory paragraph (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. that has a succinct thesis statement (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Must utilize academic voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Must address the topic with critical thought. Must end with a conclusion (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. that reaffirms the thesis. Must use at least five peer-reviewed scholarly sources.  Additional scholarly sources are encouraged. Be sure to integrate your research (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. smoothly rather than simply inserting it. In general, paraphrase (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. material rather than using direct quotes. The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types.  If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor.  Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment. Must document all sources in APA style as outlined here (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and here (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Must include a separate reference page (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. that is formatted according to APA style. Must be submitted to Grammarly (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for review and correction prior to submitting.

Submitting to Grammarly:

Grammarly is your personal editor that can act as that second set of eyes and catch those errors before you submit your assignment.  It takes approximately 5 minutes to set up an account and after that, you simply download your written submission and wait for the magic.  This service is open 24/7, for you night owls hoping for a final proofread before submitting your work.  Grammarly will then provide you with a detailed roadmap for improvement.

Grammarly Resource: 

Before you submit your written assignment, review the The Grammarly Guide: How to Set Up & Use Grammarly (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. tutorial, set up a Grammarly account (if you have not already done so), and use Grammarly to review a rough draft of your assignment. Then carefully review all issues identified by Grammarly and revise your work as needed.



Evaluate psychological theories and their insights into the widely varying opinions and attitudes that are expressed through social media.


We have been looking at different psychological theories and the way we can use them to better examine social media. For this assignment, you should choose yourself or another person (such as a celebrity or a politician). Spend some time looking through your/their social media accounts: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, etc. Then write your analysis, being sure to cover these points: A good introduction including who your subject is and a good overview of them and their social media use Examples and discussion of schema/script theory in your subject Examples and discussion of cultivation theory in your subject Examples and discussion of agenda-setting theory in your subject Examples and discussion of social learning in your subject Examples and discussion of uses and gratifications theory in your subject Conclusions

select theorist. if the theorist has copius work and related topics. short research paper for psychology 3 pages. mla format

I already picked an article and copied it into a Word file because you might not have the connection to the data base.  I need someone to read the article and then write two pages, double-spaced, summarizing the study and then discussing its merits and weaknesses, based on understanding of cognitive psychology. 


1. Agonist 

2. Partial Agonist

3. Antagonist 

4. Affinity 

5. Efficacy

Addictive Disorders

1. Understand Altered States of Consciousness within the context of drug use.

2. Set in the context of substance use – Frame of mind while using

3. Setting – Environment around using. 

4. Understand the difference between use, abuse and dependence. 

5. Is a person an addict for life once they’ve been addicted. 

6. Are Altered States of Consciousness common? 

7. Understand the definitions of the following: Endorphins, Endogenous. 

8. What is the individual’s experience of an increased amount of endorphins in the synapses?

9. What is methadone? 

10. What are Opiods? 

11. What is methadone used for? 

12. What are some of the concerns surrounding methadone? 

13. What is Suboxone? How is it defined? How is it classified?

14. Know about Opioid, Cocaine and Alcohol withdrawal. Know about the symptons. Which can be life threatening. Which might not be life threatening? 

15. How does cocaine work in the brain? What is its physiological mechanism?

16. What does Cocaine do to Dopamine over the long term? 

17. What can happen with cocaine overdose? 

18. How is cocaine linked to depression? Levels of which neurotransmitter fall? Levels of which neurotransmitter rise? 

19. What is cocaine’s link to antisocial behavior?

20. What is one of the experimental and controversial treatments for cocaine addiction? 

21. Does long term marijuana use have an effect on the brain? Yes

22. Gambling is classified as what kind of disorder? 

23. Do gamblers get intoxicated? 

24. Is gambling physically addictive?

25.  Are there physical signs of withdrawal or is it purely psychological? 

26. What psychiatric disorder co-occurs with Gambling?

27. What is the biggest risk that a gambling addicted patient poses that clinicians should be aware of? 

28. Profile of gamblers – Sex; age. 

29. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: decreased IQ ; Borderline Mental Retardation; Mild Mental Retardation. 

30. Wernicke’s disease

31.  Karsakoff’s syndrome

32. Wernicke-Korsakoff’s syndrome. 

33. Role of vitamin B1 in the formation of brain lesions

34. What kind of amnesia is common in patients with Korsakoff’s syndrome? 

35. Value of Alcoholics Anonymous and other support groups. 

36. Antisocial behavior and cocaine abuse

37. Antisocial behavior and addiction in general 

In this journal assignment, you will reflect on your personal strengths and opportunities to grow within the field. Toward the end of the course, you will revisit this journal and reflect on your personal growth. Knowing who you are, where your bias is, and where your strengths are is important because it influences client outcomes.

Prompt: In your journal entry, address the following:

 Describe personal strengths that are important within the field of counseling.

 Explain what personal opportunities exist for growth.

Guidelines for Submission: Your journal entry should be 2 to 3 paragraphs in length. Any sources should be cited according to APA style.


Respond to the Discussion topic below. Your original response should be at least 350 words and should reflect the fact that you have completed the assigned Readings for the week. Remember, this is your chance to illustrate not only your understanding, but also your mastery of the materials for the unit. Carefully select your words so that your responses contain a balance between theory, experience, and your thoughts. Limit the use of direct quotes and describe the ideas in your own words instead. Include specific citations when necessary and attempt to make each post additive in nature (add new and relevant information to your Discussion).

In this Discussion, you will apply developmental theories to infant and toddler development. Discussion Topic

Select one of the following theories from your Reading, explain the theory and how it relates to infant and toddler development, and write a short scenario that exemplifies the theory. Once you have written your scenario, read those of your classmates and discuss how you would help the hypothetical client in these scenarios. Practice using your understanding of infant/toddler developmental theories in your responses to your classmates and pretend that you are a therapist assigned to work with the client in each scenario.

Theories used in the sample: nonorganic failure to thrive, separation anxiety, language development issues

Sample scenario: Tom

Tom is a 2-year-old male whose parents work many hours during the week. While his parents work during the week, he stays with his grandmother, who has difficulty keeping up with him throughout the day. She spends much of her time ignoring him by watching television instead of playing with him. When Tom’s parents brought him to you, he seemed to be very small for a child his age and showed some severe developmental delays. He did not speak many words and did not seem to be putting together sentences yet. His parents brought him to you because he screams and yells every morning when his mother leaves him at his grandmother’s house.


Write a 4- to 5-page review paper of the strange situation described in:

Ainsworth, M. S., & Bell, S .M. (1970). Attachment, exploration, and separation: Illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation. Child Development , 41(1), 49–67.

Review papers typically follow the following structure: Agreement or disagreement with the authors’ main position Summary of the main points and details of the experiment Support from the article or your text for your agreement or disagreement with the authors’ position Suggestion of at least two different interventions that can be used to help children develop healthy attachments

In this article, the authors explain their specific view of how infants and caregivers establish attachment. They also explain the function of this attachment to future development. Build your arguments around these main points. Use the article, the Readings from your text, and any other primary sources that seem appropriate to supporting your ideas.

The Assignment should: Follow Assignment directions (review grading rubric for best results). Use correct APA formatting per the APA Publication Manual, 6th Edition. Demonstrate college-level communication through the composition of original materials in Standard American English. Be written in Standard American English and be clear, specific, and error-free. If needed, be sure to use the Writing Center for help.

Your review paper should include: Title Page. Abstract Main Body of the paper (4–5 pages). Reference Page.