For the queries below you may use Google Scholar (for example) or other research materials (which you also find) – but NOT Wikipedia to respond to the following queries: Describe the early schools of psychology. Describe the 3 major areas of psychologists’ professional activities. Explain what assumptions and biases are; the principle of falsifiability; and why one should not oversimplify. Provide 2 examples of a descriptive study. Explain what it means to say that 2 things, such as grades and TV watching are negatively correlated.

Please remember to include citations for the queries. 

 Before completing this discussion, be sure to review Chapters 6 and 7 of your text as well as the Environmental and Genetic Influence on Intelligence (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and Multiple Intelligence (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. videos. You may also awnt to review the “Brain Based Learning and its Relation with Multiple Intelligence”, “Intelligence: Foundations and Issues in Assessment”,  and “Rising Scores on Intelligence Test”, articles from the recommended resources, After examining the research in human development presented in your required resources, complete the following discussion:

The definition of intelligence is controversial.  Briefly contrast different views of intelligence, making sure you take into account the content of at least one of the videos. Discuss one of the controversies that surround the definition of intelligence, the measurement of intelligence, or the sources of individual differences.

Your initial post must be at least 300 words and use a minimum of one scholarly source located in the Ashford University Library or on Google Scholar that is cited and referenced according to APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center which reports the scientific evidence that supports or weakens the opposing views of the controversy you selected.


Assignment 2: Letter to Freud

In this assignment you are to write a letter to Sigmund Freud critiquing three of the most important concepts in his theory. You will need to include at least two reliable outside sources in your critique of Freud’s concepts. Scholarly sources are preferred and can be found through AUO’s Library.  Additional, non-scholarly sources from reputable Web and print sources are also acceptable. For reputable Web sources, look for .org, .net, or .edu sites as opposed to .com sites. Please do not use Wikipedia.

The three concepts you will be critiquing are the:UnconsciousPsychosexual stages of developmentStructure of personality

Begin your letter with a paragraph introducing yourself.

Each of the three issues should serve as a separate heading in your letter. Under each heading, include at least:One substantive paragraph summarizing the concept clearly and thoroughly as Freud might explain it.1-2 paragraphs,  critiquing the concept. Explain what you think is valid or invalid about his understanding of this concept. You are welcome to agree or disagree with his views but it is important that you attempt to bring in relevant and current research to substantiate your agreement or disagreement. This should be an objective critique of some of Freud’s concepts versus simply an opinion paper.

Follow this procedure for EACH of the three concepts mentioned above.

Conclude your letter with a paragraph summarizing your key points.

After completing the letter, include a paragraph or two explaining how Freud’s concept of the unconscious might be effectively used by a psychoanalytic therapist practicing today. Explain at least two techniques that might be used and the expected outcome of these techniques. 

Submit your response to the M2: Assignment 2 Dropbox by Wednesday, April 13, 2016. Your paper should be at least 1200 words in length, follow APA style for attributing sources, and include a reference page.

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria and Respective Point ValueMaximum 

PointsProvided an accurate and detailed summary of the three main concepts using terms that Freud would recognize and understand. 25 Critiqued each of the three main concepts with at least one substantive point of agreement or disagreement that is supported by current research. 25 Explained how Freud’s concept of the unconscious might be applied in contemporary therapy. 15 Identified at least two techniques that could effectively be used in working with the unconscious along with the expected outcomes. 15 Wrote a paper in the form of a personal letter to Freud, in a clear, concise, and organized manner, maintained a consistent voice, and demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources, displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation. 20 Total: 100

 Before completing this discussion, review Chapter 6 in your text.  After examining the research in human development, please complete the following discussion:

Language is a complex communication system that changes as we age. Identify and examine a developmental stage (i.e., infancy, early childhood, middle and late childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age) describing language the skills at your selected phase. Describe how biological and environmental factors influences and shape the skills of the selected developmental stage.

Your initial post must be at least 300 words and use a minimum of one scholarly source located in the Ashford University Library or on Google Scholar that is cited and referenced according to APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.


Here are the questions for Chapter 9’s food for thought:

 What is a between subjects design?  How does this differ from within subjects?Define a two-independent sample t-test.  What are the assumptions associated with a two-independent sample t-test?A researcher measures the time it takes 13 men and 15 women to complete multiple tasks in a study. She compares the mean difference between men and women using the two-independent-sample t test. What is the critical value for this test if she conducts a two-tailed test at a .05 level of significance?What is the denominator for computing an estimated Cohen’s d for a two-independent-sample t test?If the difference between two means is 4, then what will the estimated Cohen’s d value be with a pooled sample standard deviation of each of the following? (a)   4 (b)   8 (c)   16 (d)   40How do you calculate the degrees of freedom for a 2-independent sample t-test?What is the pooled sample variance?  Pooled sample standard deviation? When an independent sample is selected, are the same or different participants observed in each group? Name three measures used to estimate effect size for the two-independent-sample t test.What are the three steps to compute an estimation formula?  In the following studies, state whether you would use a one-sample t test or a two-independent-sample t test. (a)    A study measuring differences in attitudes about morality among men and women (b)    A study testing whether night-shift workers sleep the recommended 8 hours per day (c)    An experiment measuring differences in brain activity among rats placed on either a continuous or an intermittent reward schedule.Will each of the following increase, decrease, or have no effect on the value of the test statistic for a two-independent-sample t test? (a)    The total sample size is increased. (b)    The level of significance is reduced from .05 to .01. (c)    The pooled sample variance is doubled.When is the t-test for independent means appropriate to use?How should the t value be interpreted?  How do we know what it means?  For example, when t(28) = -0.16, p. n.s. – what does this mean?  

Choose a global leader (CEO, Executive Director, or other) who has built an organization/community that is still existing today.


1.  Describe briefly his/her background such as education, family, significant events and/or  influences, etc.

2. Why did you choose this leader? Discuss their leadership qualities/team collaboration and how those have influenced the organization’s structure, development and effectiveness.  

3. Do you feel they need to give back to the local/global community?  If they have given back, in what way?  Do you think this should be a responsibility of a good leader?  Why or why not.

(prefer to write Alibaba from china, about their CEO Jack Ma)

Select  in preparation for this assignment a psychological measure of depression, such as the Beck Depression Inventory. Obtain faculty approval of your selected measure prior to beginning this assignment.

Write  a 1,400- to 1,750-word paper in which you analyze your selected psychological measure. As a part of your analysis, address the following items:Using the University Library, the Internet, or other sources, select at least two articles that discuss the use of your selected psychological measure. Briefly summarize your selected articles, and compare and contrast their findings.Based on the analysis of your articles, discuss the use of your selected measure. Explain who is qualified to administer and interpret the measure and the settings—such as occupational, academic, or counseling—in which it would be appropriate to use the measure.Differentiate between the populations for which your selected psychological measure is valid and invalid.APA 4 referances Buller each section 

-Description of the evolutionary theory (1 slide each)

-Description of the biological theory (1slide each)

This journal activity is an opportunity for you to reflect on last week’s group assignment.

In this journal, address the following: Explain how initial opinions changed, regarding ethical concerns, after the group discussion in Week Four. Describe any state laws that influenced a personal plan of action. Address any disagreements that were discussed in the Week Four group discussion or alternate approaches or plans that will work. Describe any personal agreements from the Week Four group  discussion, as well as the importance of finding agreement in the field  of counseling. Explain how the group’s approach aligned to a personal counseling philosophy. Analyze the laws in one state that may conflict with a personal philosophy and ethical code.


“Integration Communication.”  Please respond to the following:


You are attending a town council meeting where you meet community leader Fran Richardson who is influential in the transportation business. You and Richardson obviously have a lot in common and your conversation is animated and friendly. As a manager in an engineering firm, you know that Richardson could be a valuable contact. Your conversation is interrupted with the start of the meeting. Richardson says to you, “Let’s meet for lunch. I’ll call you soon.”


Analyze Richardson’s message from multiple perspectives, focusing on word choice and content. How could this message be interpreted? In your analysis, include the criteria for media richness, a discussion of multiple clues, message tailoring, and emotional context .

 Create a response (to be delivered after the meeting) that communicates your interest and will increase the opportunity for meeting Fran again.


Evaluate your response in terms of media richness.

Week 1 Discussion 1 MGT 505

Week 1 Discussion 2 MGT 505

Week 2 Discussion 1 MGT 505

Week 2 Discussion 2 MGT 505

Week 3 Discussion 1 MGT 505

Week 3 Discussion 2 MGT 505

Week 4 Discussion 1 MGT 505