Psychological First Aid Psychological First Aid

      You probably are familiar with medical first aid, the immediate but limited care provided to survivors suffering a medical emergency. Medical first aid usually is employed at the scene of disasters, crises, and traumas to help survivors who have been physically injured. For example, an army medic will try to stop the bleeding of a wounded soldier before removing him or her from the battlefield for further treatment. Psychological first aid is similar to medical first aid in that early intervention is provided at the scene, immediate needs are addressed first, and the likelihood of recovery improves as a result.

In the aftermath of a disaster, crisis, or trauma, the use of psychological first aid can lessen the negative psychological impact of the event on survivors. Crisis workers employing psychological first aid might start with making connections with survivors, enhancing their safety, and providing them with physical and emotional comfort. They might also offer practical assistance, such as helping survivors complete paperwork, providing information about community support resources, and explaining effective coping strategies. All of these actions can have a powerful influence on how well survivors cope during the aftermath of a disaster, crisis, or trauma.


Writing a personal mission statement offers the opportunity to establish what’s important in your professional life. A personal mission statement is often an integral part of a job or graduate-level application as it provides reviewers with insights into an applicant’s strengths in, and philosophies regarding, the discipline.

The personal mission statement includes a description of your focus and goals, which can serve to provide direction for the next one to five years of your career. It can be used not only as a guide, but also as a tool of conscious reflection encouraging you to accomplish your professional objectives.  In the course of this assignment, you will evaluate potential career direction and satisfaction by reflecting on the following questions: What do you hope to accomplish in the profession? What positive and unique qualities do you bring to the profession? How do you see your role in the profession evolving through time? Why is the work you hope to do important?

Your Personal Mission Statement should be a minimum of 500 words, but it should not exceed 1000 words. Therefore, it is important that your writing be clear and concise and that your thoughts and philosophies are effectively communicated to your reader.

The Personal Mission Statement Must be 500 words to 1000 words in length and formatted according to APA style as outlined i Must include a header on each page with the following: Personal Mission Statement Student’s name Student’s contact email Date submitted Must address the topic of the mission statement with critical thought.

Topic: How do our bodies and minds change from early to late adulthood?

Once you have chosen your topic, examine the various theories of human development learned in the course and choose one or two that best assist you to understand the issues involved in your topic.

For this assignment address the following: Examine various theories of human development, describing relevant terminology, and addressing how the theory assists in the understanding of issues involved in the selected topic. Identify and describe at least two domains of human development (physical, biological, emotional, cognitive, and/or social) and how they are impacted by the chosen topic. Identify and describe the stages of development that are affected by the chosen topic. Describe the cultural and historical perspectives of the chosen topic, demonstrating an understanding of how the topic has been perceived over time and by other cultures. Provide relevant examples.

The Assignment: Must be two to three double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and references pages), and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Must include a title page with the following: Title of paper Student’s name Course name and number Instructor’s name Date submitted Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement. Begin with an introduction to the selected topic in which you define all concepts that will be discussed in the paper. For example, if you select “How do memory and intelligence change as we age?” as your topic,  you will need to define the terms memory, intelligence and aging. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis. Conclude with an answer to the selected question. Did the evidence you surveyed answer the question satisfactorily? Including your analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the available evidence. If possible, suggest the course that future research should take if answers to the selected question are less than conclusive. Must use at least two scholarly sources, all of which must come from the Ashford University Library or Google Scholar. It is important that you ask yourself if the articles specifically address the selected topic. It is not always easy to find the right articles. Thus, give yourself some time to search before you finalize your selection.   You may reference your textbook and other required materials from the course; however, these will not fulfill the resource requirements. Must include an annotated bibliography which briefly summarizes each article including the purpose of the investigation, its methodology, and results. If possible, select peer-reviewed articles that summarize the evidence available in a given field of study (e.g., meta-analysis combines the findings of different studies to uncover trends, commonalities and differences). Order the articles in the way you think you will discuss them in your paper. Then develop a summary of the scientific evidence that answers the question you selected. Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. The reference section will be the final page of the paper.

Parenting styles and parenting interventions are very important and often debated. There seems to be a new opinion each year on the best way to help raise responsible and healthy children. It is important then to use scientific data rather than anecdotal evidence to make our decisions and to suggest interventions to others.

Using the module readings, Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, research the various parenting styles, such as authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and uninvolved, and various parenting interventions, such as time out/in, loss of privilege, and ignoring. Then, do the following: Choose one of the following situations: Your three-year-old son refuses to eat his dinner and cries at the table for you to feed him. Your six- and seven-year-old stepdaughters have been arguing the last two days and have been unusually quarrelsome with you. Your ten-year-old adopted son had put his head down on the table and refused to do his homework. When you told him he has to complete it, he starts throwing anything he can get his hands on. (You have other children in the room.) Your twelve-year-old daughter has been forgetting things at school and home, and now has begun to forget to do her chores as well. Considering that all behavior has meaning in a larger context, explain what the message might be behind this behavior before implementing a strategy. Select the parenting style that may best suit the situation and apply one or more parenting interventions you discovered in your research to your chosen situation. Explain why this is the best style and technique and what type of result (in the child’s behavior) might occur. Is this the parenting style you would use? Why or why not?

Write your initial response in a minimum of 300–400 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources, including use of in-text citations and full references. Incorporate information from at least two academic sources to support your statements or ideas. Academic sources could include your textbook, required readings for this week, or academic journal articles found in the Argosy University online library.

Assignment 1: Discussion—Biological Causes of Crime

Natalie was growing concerned about her daughter Brandi’s school performance. Her grades had dropped since the beginning of the school year, and she seemed reluctant to go to school. On some days, she complained of vague symptoms, such as stomachache or headache. On other days, she simply did not get out of bed. Natalie took her to the doctor, but there was no definitive diagnosis. She questioned Brandi about any problems at school, but Brandi was uncommonly quiet. Natalie then looked at Brandi’s Facebook page and saw a series of comments from Brandi’s friends about a school bully. When Natalie confronted Brandi, the child broke down crying and told the whole story. Another girl, who was two years ahead of her in school, was bullying her. She would tease Brandi in school, leave nasty messages on her Facebook page, and even threatened her on several occasions. 

Natalie was furious and immediately arranged a meeting with the teacher and school principal. The school officials attempted to address the problem by speaking to the girl and her parents. The parents placed their daughter in treatment; she was diagnosed with a behavior disorder and put on medication, which seemed to work. Both the girl’s parents and the school officials explained to Natalie that the girl had an underlying medical condition that caused her to become angry and lack impulse control. The school officials were reluctant to suspend the girl because it was “not her fault” but rather a “biological factor” causing the behavior. 

Natalie was still upset. She did not understand why her own daughter should suffer. She had a nagging suspicion that the bully’s parents were using the biological cause as an excuse for their daughter’s bad behavior.

Research the biological causes of crime and the eugenics movement using the textbook, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet.

Based on the scenario, and drawing on your readings and research, respond to the following: Why do you think some people are troubled by the idea that crime has a biological cause? Support your response using an article from the popular media presenting the biological argument for criminal behavior. In what way may views of biological causes of crime be related to the eugenics movement? Give reasons using a scholarly, peer-reviewed article either for or against the eugenics movement.

Write your initial response in 4–6 paragraphs. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

Assignment 2: Introduction to Crime and Causes


Write an analysis of each article or news story addressing the following: Describe the crime depicted in the article. How is criminal justice system portrayed? What feelings or reactions are evoked in you by the article? How would you explain the reported criminal behavior using at least two theories from the psychological perspectives to each article or news story?

Give a complete citation for the selected article and include a digital copy, if possible.

Write a 2–3-page log entry in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

By the due date assigned, deliver your assignment to the Submissions Area.

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria Maximum PointsSelected two articles or news stories appropriate for the assignment.10Described the crime and portrayal of criminal justice system for each article.22Analyzed the feelings or reactions evoked in you by each article.28Applied at least 2 psychological theories to explain the crime described in each article.32Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.8Total:100

Recall a situation in which you and your co-workers or fellow students were highly motivated and effective.  What motivation theories help you account for this high level of performance?


Supervision requires an understanding of the complex needs that affect individual performance. These needs have been categorized and explained in a number of ways. At the broadest level, motivation theories are grouped as content theories, which have specific motivating factors, and process theories, which are content-free and describe the ways in which needs, behaviors, and rewards may interact. We will first review the three most common content theories of motivation, followed by a discussion of the most popular process theory: expectancy theory

Issues Behind Addictive Drug Use

Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read the required chapters from the text and review the required articles for this week. Humans have engaged in psychoactive drug use, sometimes in formal (ceremonial) settings and sometimes recreationally, since before recorded history. It has only been in the last century or so that abuse and addiction have become large-scale problems. Using the literature and your own insights into these issues, formulate an argument as to why the problem has reached its current scale.  In your discussion, evaluate the employment of psychoactive drugs from the aspects of a risk-benefits analysis and ethical considerations such as the risk of addiction versus the cost of punitive action. Also explain purely pharmacological issues such as pharmacokinetics and routes of drug administration and dose. If needed, include factors such as supply, cultural attitudes to drug use, and the context of drug use.

Guided Response:  Review several of your colleagues’ posts and respond to at least two of your peers by 11:59 p.m. on Day 7 of the week. You are encouraged to post your required replies earlier in the week to promote more meaningful interactive discourse in this discussion. Evaluate and describe the quality of your colleague’s argument. How did he or she use the literature to support the statements made? Do you agree with the argument? Why, or why not? What insights did your colleague include which you had not considered? What might you suggest your colleague consider which was not included? Please use your research to support your assertions. Continue to monitor the discussion forum until 5:00 p.m. Mountain Standard Time (MST) on Day 7 of the week and respond to anyone who replies to your initial p

Prior to engaging in this discussion, please read “Chapter 8: Owning Our Learning Experiences” in your e-book and review the Instructor Guidance. Metacognition is the ability to be aware of and regulate one’s thought processes. It is suggested to be a process that improves our ability to effectively process information. Consider the benefits of being more aware of your own learning needs and how it might affect both your personal and professional goals. Discuss the following:  How could an increased awareness of information processing, your learning style, and your attention and self-regulation strategies potentially affect your performance in your academic journey? Your career development/professional life? Based on your career goals, how can a better understanding of how we learn be applied? (e.g. in your organization? your community? your volunteer efforts?) Did you learn anything important about yourself through the process of learning about learning? What did you learn about your peers in the class through the process of learning about learning? How will you apply what you have learned about yourself in your future learning activities (whether you are the learner or the instructor in these activities)? Do you agree or disagree that by applying the elements of metacognition into your studies, you will improve your ability to learn more effectively?

Grant Proposal – Peer Reviews

By Day 1 of Week Five, the instructor will send you two de-identified grant proposals to review for this assignment . You will play the role of a grant reviewer by reading and giving feedback to two other students’ grant proposals (proposals will be assigned at random). 

The Grant Proposal – Peer Reviews Must be three to six double-spaced pages in length (not including the title or reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Must address the following areas of the proposal you are reviewing: Specific Aims: Does the proposed study seem adequate to achieve these specific aims? Background: Does the literature review justify the need for the study? Are there any gaps or missing data in the literature review? Significance: Does the proposed study improve scientific knowledge, technical capability and/or clinical practice? Proposed Study: Does the proposed study methodology answer the hypotheses listed in the Background section? Is the proposed methodology sufficient to achieve the stated specific aims? Must include a separate title page with the following: Title of paper you are reviewing Reviewer’s  name Course name and number Instructor’s name Date submitted Must use at least one peer-reviewed source in addition to the course text. Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.