The second is the final paper 9 page paper that is  due 4/7/2016. Same APA format. I have attached new items that you dont have . Please let me know if you have any questions. 


Below is more instruction from the teacher she just posted. let me know if you need anything

As the prompt says, you will be writing a hypothetical letter to an engaged couple about how to communicate to build a strong relationship.  Again, I repeat that I don’t care if your couple or group of co-workers are hypothetical or not.  The point is to show you can apply what you’ve learned to some potentially real-world experience.

You must use the following FIVE learning outcomes:

1.     Explain the principles of, and barriers to, effective interpersonal communications.

2.     Analyze the role of communication in developing and maintaining one’s self-concept, self-image, and self-esteem.

3.     Illustrate the importance of self-disclosure and emotional intelligence in various relationships.

4.     Evaluate strategies for using communication techniques to resolve interpersonal conflicts.

5.     Analyze the impact of gender and culture on interpersonal communications.

When you go to write your paper, you MUST use the five learning outcomes you’ve identified as headers for different sections.  Headers means you will create clear titles that separate each segment of your paper and you spend a significant amount of time with EACH of these learning outcomes.  When you go to address each point, be sure to draw on Bevan and Sole, other readings and/or the guidance to help you make your points.  Aim for two to three points from Bevan and Sole and/or others for each section.  Try use a combination of paraphrasing and/or quoting.  And remember, when you use quotes, be careful to explain what the quote means or why it is so significant.  This allows you to hammer in the point and it shows that you are processing and actively engaging with the reading.  Doing this makes the quote more of your own.

You will be writing 8 to 10 pages, with a clear introduction and conclusion.  I know that’s a long letter!  But don’t get too carried away with that concept.  I would anticipate that you will need to spend about 1 to 2 paragraphs for the introduction, 1 ½ pages for each of your five objectives, and then at least a one-paragraph conclusion.  You will still need to use APA style and ensure that you are writing to an academic crowd – your instructor!  If you need help with APA style, please email me as soon as possible and I will assist you.

I can’t emphasize enough that you will not do well on the paper if you do not use references (e.g. academic articles) to support you in all of the claims you make.  In fact, the paper requires that you use at least FIVE SOURCES, and Bevan and Sole only counts as one.   And remember that two of the sources must come from the Ashford Library.  Please do not just re-use articles from class to meet this requirement.  Go to an Ashford database and do some research!  For some advice about researching communication topics specifically, select the “Research Guides” icon on the library’s landing page and then select “Communication.”



Assignment 1: Discussion—Cultural Differences: Kayin’s Case

Professionals must work with families to understand cultural and linguistic characteristics specific to each child. This is critical in determining whether a child’s experiences are typical of someone coming from a different background as opposed to a true disability. These issues can be complex as exceptionalities are seen across cultures as well.  

Review the following scenario:

Kayin is an eight-year-old boy in the third grade. His teacher, Mr. Bledsoe, has been very concerned about his problems with reading. He also has difficulty socially, and seems withdrawn, with few, if any, friends. Kayin avoids eye contact with most people, but this is more pronounced with adults. He also becomes very frustrated at times, crying and ripping up his work.

Kayin has been enrolled in the same school since kindergarten. However, Mr. Bledsoe knows that his family is originally from Nigeria and they return every summer to visit family. Although Kayin’s parents speak English fairly fluently, they have a pronounced African accent. Mr. Bledsoe remembers learning that it is an act of respect to avoid eye contact with adults in some cultures, but he cannot remember whether this is true of Nigerian culture.

Mr. Bledsoe has been hesitant to raise the possibility of a disability because he does not know how much of Kayin’s struggles can be attributed to growing up in a bicultural and bilingual home or to Kayin’s own personality.

Using the module readings, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, research cultural differences related to children with exceptionalities. It may also be useful to consult CultureGrams in the online library for more information on cultures in Nigeria.

Reflect on your readings and respond to the following:What steps should Mr. Bledsoe take to address Kayin’s challenges?What professionals might he include to help Kayin?What further information does Mr. Bledsoe and his colleagues need to best help Kayin? Where can he find this information?How should Mr. Bledsoe approach the issue of cultural differences with Kayin’s parents?What ethical dilemma(s) might Mr. Bledsoe face when considering the values, beliefs, and behaviors common in the culture of Kayin’s family within the context of the general American culture?

Write your initial response in 300–500 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

Week 5 Chemical Senses Paper

Resource:  The “Chef’s Tools: Nose and Tongue” section of the “Smell and Taste: Science of the Senses” video, located in this week’s Electronic Reserve Readings.


Write  a 1,250- to 1,500-word paper that addresses the following: How do smell and taste affect each other? Which would you change to make a meal taste better? If you created the most memorable meal of your life, what sensory elements must be present to emphasize the connection between the chemical senses, emotional memories, and the brain? Describe the connection created between the chemical senses, emotional memories, and the brain.

Include  at least two to four peer-reviewed sources.

Format  your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

I have started the presentation with the objectives and the shell i need this completed with presentation quality A work for class later on today


The presentation will be divided into two parts : a) the first fifteen minutes will be a presentation of an assigned Chapter in the e readings.

I have Psychology exam I need high score on it . Contact me if you can help me out. 

The DSM is organized by combining disorders of the same category. What are the symptomatic similarities that necessitate the clustering of these disorders? Select one class of disorders (depressive, anxiety, dissociative, etc.) and discuss.


The DQ’s I need first.

Read the case study of “Jack” and provide the appropriate DSM 5 diagnoses in descending order, from the dominant, to the least dominant. For each diagnosis you assign, provide an explanation of the diagnostic criteria you assessed to be compelling, as found in the DSM 5 diagnostic criteria monograph for each disorder.



I need a response to the three different discussion postings. The response should be one or two lines and you can ask a question. 



The 1st response is to the questions asked by the instructor.



The second and 3rd discussion: Read the literature and post a response to the literature.


The 1st response is to my previously submitted assignment below. Instructor inquired:


From the instructor:

Very comprehensive summary on DS.  What is the life expectancy for someone with DS?  I noticed in your description of symptoms, you mentioned tongues that stick out of their mouths.  Their tongues are often very thick which may contribute to it sticking out of their mouths.  They also have short stubby fingers and feet.  What about their cognitive abilities?


My assignment I submitted

Description of the disorder

This is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in an extra genetic material. The third copy of chromosome 21 is a presence. The disorder causes physical growth delays. This means that the IQ of a young child with the Down syndrome is 50, which is equivalent to the mental age of an 8 or 9 years old child. However, it varies widely from one child with the disorder to another. (Evans-Martin, F. F. 2009).

It happens that the parents of the affected individuals are typically genetically normal since the extra chromosomes do occur by random chances. The disorder though can be detected before a child is born. Sadly, there is no cure for the Down syndrome disorder.

Causes of the Down syndrome by the field of medicine

It is caused by a problem with the baby’s chromosomes. A healthy person has got 46 chromosomes but in the case of an individual with Down syndrome, they have 47 chromosomes.

For  a child to have the Down syndrome disorder, the child gets an extra chromosomes 21. It is this extra genetic material that causes the physical feature and developmental delays which are associated with the Down syndrome.

Causes and symptoms from friends and family members and what the general public concludes.


They believe that the disorder is a curse from God or rather a punishment that one is punished for his sins. Few believes that it is caused by someone getting pregnant at a late age.They believe that at the age of 35 years and above, one is likely to conceive a baby with the  Down syndrome disorder.( Routh, K. 2004).

Others believe it to be an inheritance from the family members especially if there is a person, (can be a brother or sister) with the same disorder in the family.

Moreover, some  believe the disorder to be caused by poor health diet when one was pregnant with the baby.


The following are some of the symptoms of an individual with the Down syndrome disorder. They include having;

a)       Short neck

b)       Small ears

c)       Flat face

d)      Small mouth

e)       Short arms and legs

f)        Shorter in height as children and Adults

g)       Loose joints

h)       A tongue that tends to stick out of the mouth

Conclusion from general public

People with no knowledge of the disorder that it is not inherited but caused by the problem of the chromosomes; do conclude the reasons mentioned earlier of the disorder which might not be the case according to the field of medicine or psychology.

Advice   to Alice on preventive actions, Available testing and reproduction options in future.

There is no perfect prevention for the disorder since it is a genetic one. I would, therefore, advise Alice to avoid having another baby with the same problem, to have a test before reproduction to be able to know whether there is a possibility of disorder. Advising her on not having a baby at late age also, will reduce cases of having a child with the disorder. (Woliver, R. 2009).

Screening Test   and  Diagnostic tests  are the commonly used tests to be able to know if one is having a baby with the disorder.

 Screening  helps tell a woman whether the pregnancy has lower or higher chance of having the Down syndrome.

Diagnostic tests,   on the other hand, can typically detect whether the baby will have Down syndrome or not.

Alice should  have reproduction options  of not getting a baby at the age past 35 years.Also, she should find out from his family and that of his partner if there is anybody who had the disorder so as to be able to weigh her case of having a child with the disorder of Down syndrome.


Evans-Martin, F. F. (2009).  Down syndrome. New York: Chelsea House.

Routh, K. (2004).  Down syndrome. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library.

Woliver, R. (2009).  Alphabet kids from ADD to Zellweger syndrome: A guide to developmental, neurobiological and psychological disorders for parents and professionals. London: Jessica Kingsley.





2nd discussion  The response should be one or two lines and you can ask a question. 



Your friend Alice tells you that her daughter Lauren has been recently diagnosed with this disorder. Alice would like more details and comes to you for information.

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder also known as ADHD, is a disorder that can start in early childhood. It can also be diagnosed as an adult even if systems where not present before. This disorder makes everyday tasks or thoughts hard to focus on any one specific thing. Someone with this disorder can show signs of hyperactivity or constant motion and little patience for tasks to be done. Each person is different will have different levels of inattention, hyperactivity, or impulsive control behaviors. It also makes it hard for them to function in any community based setting or at home.

Because ADHD is a disorder that is hard to determine no one knows exactly how it is developed. It could stem from genetics, non-genetics or be environmental. However it can run in families and tests need to be done for diagnosing this disorder.  

ADHD may develop from smoking, drinking, low birth weight or birth complications, lead exposure or toxins, neglect, abuse, or social deprivation, and food additives. However there is no guarantee that these factors actually play a role in this disorder. Hence the word “may”

Ask three friends or family members who are not in the field of medicine or psychology what they know about the cause and symptoms of the disorder. Analyze their replies and discuss what this might imply about how this disorder is known and perceived by the general public.

Having spoken to others about this disorder, they explained that they only know what other people have told them or their doctors tell them about this disorder. I also have a sister that was diagnosed early in school with ADHD, and my step dad was diagnosed later as an adult with ADD. These systems show that what my sister Heather is going through is spot on.

I think that ADHD is a disorder that is an ongoing study that will be done, and that there may even be a possibility that it could lead to any form of absentmindedness, or even Alzheimer’s or dementia (with the involvement of the low attention span factor, and of course this is my opinion and an idea that I just thought of; you never know).  

Alice expresses guilt that she may have caused Lauren’s disorder and is also concerned that it might occur again in future offspring. What would you advise her in terms of preventive actions, available testing, and reproduction options?

My advice to Alice would be that she seek advice from a doctor, do some research on the disorder and that she should also join a support group for people who are suffering from ADHD or that have loved ones who suffer from this disorder.

NIH, (2013). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Easy-to-Read), Retrieved from;   

3rd discussion  The response should be one or two lines and you can ask a question. 




AS, or fetal alcohol syndrome is a disability children can be born with if the mother drinks alcohol (wine, beer or liquor) while she is pregnant. The mother risks giving birth to an infant that could have and further develop mental and physical deficiencies for the child’s entire life. 

Friend 1: Kim (age 52) knew what FAS was and felt she would be rather judgemental about it with the mother, even angry because there is no excuse in this day and age with all the information available to not know this could happen. It would also cause a life-long struggle for the mother, she felt, partially due to guilt as well as the strain and stress of raising a child with this syndrome.

I share Kim’s anger that a mother would subject any child to any risk of a birth defect especially one that is so easily avoided.

Friend 2: Elizabeth (age 70) also knew what it was and would be more sympathetic and observed possibly the mother was poorly educated. She said she would feel sorry for the child.

After my initial anger I would also be sympathetic with the mother as well as the child and hope the child could live a “normal” life both for the sake of the child and the parents.

Friend 3: Sandy (72) knew the definition and also would have been concerned for the struggle the child might have to endure as well as the costs and stresses of having a needs child.

Since I am aware of what it takes to care for individuals with needs; costs, time, mental anguish, as well as the problems it can cause in families, I feel sorry for the whole lot!

Alice could definitely be responsible for this unless her child was adopted. And once she discovers she is pregnant again should cease all consumption of alcohol for the duration of the pregnancy. Although there is little information on how much alcohol is too much, it is recommended to just avoid it completely. Alcohol can affect every mother and their child differently and obviously a lady with an alcohol abuse situation needs constant support and monitoring during this period. This might be a good time to attend AA or seek other professional help if the irresistibility of alcohol is too much. FAS can be completely prevented by simply not drinking during the pregnancy.  (Bartoshesky, 2011)

(Bartoshesky, L. MD, MPH. (2011). KidsHealth from Nemours. Retrieved from


In a 500-750 word paper, examine at least two substance abuse prevention programs in the United States.


Refer to the National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices website to help you successfully complete your paper. Make sure you choose prevention programs and not intervention programs.


Your paper must include the following for each program:

 Description of the programThe goals of the programHow it is fundedHow it is marketedResearch that indicates the effectiveness of each programAn analysis of how government policy may enhance or hinder the program’s effectiveness

Include at least four scholarly resources in addition to the textbook in your paper. Out of the four, a minimum of one scholarly resource should be referenced for each prevention program.


Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.


This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.


You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.