Explain how morale can positively or negatively impact one’s individual potential at that organization and beyond. How might employees with the Christian worldview affect organizational culture and morale?

Chose either Piaget or Vygotsky and discuss three educational principles derived from this theory that continue to have a major impact on both teacher education and classroom practices, especially during early childhood. Provide examples of how these principles would be applied in a classroom.​

part 2

Provide a brief definition of each of Diana Baumrinds’ parenting styles and then compare and contrast these styles to Helicopter, Gardner, and Carpenter parenting. Finally, argue for the parenting style that you think is the least supportive for healthy growth and development and why (use evidence from the course to support your position). ​

part 3

List and describe 5 personal qualities/skills that you believe are important for an individual’s academic and vocational success (e.g., problem-solving, creativity, logic, sociability, etc.). For each quality, indicate and support if the quality is assessed by traditional intelligence tests, Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Successful Intelligence, Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences, or none of these. ​

part 4

Read the following interaction and then respond to the questions that follow. The interaction occurred during lunch at an elementary school with two 5th graders:

Riley: Hey Avery! I don’t know what to do. I forgot about our Geography quiz so I got a 0!

Avery: Oh no! We have that another test coming up soon. Do you want to be in our study group?

Riley: That would be great! Who else is in the group?

Avery: Just Tanner and Braydon.

Riley: Oh I like Tanner. He’s so nice. Everyone likes him. But, Braydon? Why is he in the group? No one likes Braydon. He’s so bossy and a know it all. Also Ms. Kimper said you, me and Tanner are in the Blue group for Math and Braydon is in Yellow.

Avery: Well, Tanner and Braydon are always hanging out so we just decided to all study together.

Riley: Ok, I’ll be in the group, but not with Braydon. We need to study without him knowing.

Avery: That’s not really fair, he’s been in the group the whole time. I don’t think Tanner will want to study without him.

Riley: Well I’m your best friend! Who’s more important, me or Braydon? Besides, Braydon isn’t very smart. We’ll just tell Tanner that Braydon cheated on his last quiz. Then Tanner won’t want to study with Braydon.

Avery: I don’t want to hurt anyone’s feelings. I would be really upset if I got kicked out of the group and someone told people I cheated when I really didn’t.

Riley: You’re such a baby. Who cares about Braydon’s feelings!

Avery: Sometimes you’re so mean! I don’t know why everyone likes you. I’m not kicking Braydon out of our study group!

Riley: Fine! I’ll start my own study group! I don’t need your help!!

Based on the information you have available, determine the peer acceptance category (sociometrics) for Riley, Avery, Tanner, and Braydon. Provide a rationale for your decision based on information from the course text or Canvas material and the narrative above. You won’t have actual peer nominations however the narrative provides information on how others feel about each of these students.

How would you characterize Riley and Avery’s empathy and moral development (use terms/support from the course material)?

Describe at least two examples of aggression and note the type (proactive and reactive) and form of aggression (physical, relational, verbal) observed in this interaction.

Describe any evidence of In-group or Out-group bias or favoritism

Discussion Question/Prior to beginning work on this discussion, please read Chapters 3, 4, and 17 in DSM-5 Made Easy: The Clinician’s Guide to Diagnosis; Cases 18, 19, and 20 from Case Studies in Abnormal Psychology; and Chapter 1 in Psychopathology: History, Diagnosis, and Empirical Foundations. It is recommended that you read Chapter 1 in Turning Points in Dynamic Psychotherapy: Initial Assessment, Boundaries, Money, Disruptions and Suicidal Crises.

For this discussion, you will choose from one of the three “You Decide” case studies included in Case Studies in Abnormal Psychology. The case study you choose for this discussion will also be the case study you will use for your Psychiatric Diagnosis assignment in Week Six.

In your initial post, you will take on the persona of the patient from the case study you have chosen in order to create an initial call to a mental health professional from the patient’s point of view. In order to create your initial call, evaluate the symptoms and presenting problems from the case study, and then determine how the patient would approach the first call.

Create a document that includes a transcript of a call from the patient’s point of view based on the information in the case study including basic personal information and reasons for seeking out psychotherapy. The call may be no more than 5 minutes in length. Once you have created your transcript you will create a screencast recording of the transcript using the patient’s voice. Based on the information from the case study, consider the following questions as you create your recording:

  • What would the patient say?
  • What tone of voice might he or she use?
  • How fast would the patient speak?
  • Would the message be understandable (e.g., would it be muffled, circumstantial, tangential, rambling, mumbled, pressured, etc.)?

You may use any screencasting software you choose. Quick-Start Guides are available Screencast-O-Matic for your convenience. Once you have created your screencast, include the link and the name of the case study you chose in your initial post and attach your transcript document prior to submitting it.

Outline the core principles of THREE of the main approaches in sociological theory: Conflict Sociology; Structural Functionalism (including in its social integrationist version); and Symbolic Interactionism. (Notice: NOT Rational Choice Theory.) What did a leading figure in the development of this approach study, and what did they find in these studies?

Then, consider ONE of these two sets of phenomena: the COVID-19 pandemic and the response to it; or the Black Lives Matter movement and the response to it. Describe the pandemic or movement and response to it, drawing on material in the textbook (in the case of Black Lives Movement), data/discussion in class, other reading, and any personal observation or experience.

How might a Conflict Sociologist, Structural-Functionalist, and Symbolic Interactionist analyze the pandemic, or the movement, and the response to it? If Marx or Weber or Adrienne Rich was studying these phenomena, how might he or she interpret it? If Durkheim was studying the phenomena, what might he find? If Mead or Howard Becker were studying it, what might he say?

Which of these possible interpretations seems most promising, most plausible, and most powerful to you, and why/how so? Might practitioners of this approach to sociological theory have to adjust their theory at all to account for the pandemic, or movement, and response to it? What additional insight into the pandemic, or movement, and response to it might we gain from looking it through the lens of this approach?

psy693

Post two prospective career paths you plan to pursue and why. Include income range, education needed, and any other important factors that were unveiled in your research for this week’s assignment.

250 word disussion Career as a counselor or psychologist

apa formart 7th edition

Using the outline attached-below, write a paper (2,000-2,250 words) that synthesizes information from resources you identified. Do that by including the following: THIS IS NOT A SUMMARY but instead SYNTHESIZES

A description of discrimination. What is the problem to be researched?

A behavioral analysis of the issue. Ask yourself, how would a behavioral theorist view the creation and persistence of this issue?

A behavioral solution to the issue. How can behavioral theories be applied to solve this issue? Determine a plan of action, even if it is hypothetical.

Describe the limitations of the behavioral interpretation of the issue, as well as any limitations to the behavioral solution. How might you resolve those limitations?

OUTLINE

Social Issue as a Behaviorist Sees It I. Introduction a. Discrimination is like a termite that destroys the firm stem of cohesion and bonding across all human society. Many challenges are faced by humanity, although psychology has come up with several ways to solve these problems; however, there are other issues that people face but psychology has not addressed them enough. One of the issues that have affected the world for a long time is discrimination. b. Humans have the right to be treated equally despite their; class, race, caste, nationality, religion, health status, gender and age. The problem of discrimination has even affected our career developments and health. When an individual is discriminated, they become stressed, which can lead to health problems or lose focus. Whenever one is discriminated against, they tend to despair, especially fail to achieve goals set previously. This issue of discrimination has been there for a long time, marked by incidences such as; slavery of some people, colonization and wars (Commons, 2001). c. This research will identify the potential solutions to discrimination by analyzing its root cause based on the beliefs of behaviorists. II. Statement of the problem a. Some researchers have used prejudice to address the problem, although this has not been successful because they have not been able to identify the major causes of discrimination. It is not known the impact of discrimination on everyday life. b. Human responses to their environment shapes their discriminating actions. Despite being a prevalent and frequent issue in the society today, discrimination is a preventable issue. Discrimination occurs along the lines of sex, religious beliefs, race, and economic statuses. III. Behavioral Analysis of the Problem a. According to behaviorists, discrimination is learned, meaning that it cannot be addressed fully if the learning process is not curtailed (Malone, 2004). b. In the 20th century, J Watson came up with methodological behaviorism; he is also the father of behaviorism. According to his methodological behaviorism, it is important for psychology to focus on the behavior of organisms and not their mental states. Methodological behaviorism also explains that mental states, including human and animal beliefs do not contribute anything to psychology. According to the ideas of Watson, the discrimination problem can be understood by looking at people’s behavior. Additionally, some behaviors may lead to discrimination. c. Radial behaviorism argues that the problem of discrimination can be solved by analyzing an individual’s private events, thoughts and feelings and how they are controlled by the environment. According to the previous evidence, the environment is actively involved in controlling human behavior (Bennett, 1996). d. Some environmental factors like; politics, social class, laws, economy and others have to be analyzed appropriately since they affect the feelings and thoughts of discrimination (Murtonen, Gruber, & Lehtinen, 2017). e. Classical conditioning would explain discrimination as resulting from the inference that variations in people are the result of separate dormant variables. SOCIAL ISSUES OUTLINE 3 f. Operant conditioning’s definition of discrimination would explain why people respond to discriminative stimulus and not identical stimuli. g. Bandura’s social learning theory would explain discrimination as the result of human goals with specific intentions and purposes. IV. Behavioral Solutions a. The most reliable solution to discrimination is methodological behaviorism, which argues that psychology should focus on people’s behavior and not their inner thoughts and feelings. The people’s behavior leads to discrimination, actions speak louder than words, which means that the way people behave dictates whether there will be issues of discrimination or not. We have to look at the action of people that are discriminated against together with those who discriminate against others. We have to first analyze the practices and behavior that lead to discrimination so that these practices can be adjusted accordingly. Methodological behaviorism can analyze an individual’s behavior and how it makes them be discriminated against. When this is done, then it will be easier to identify the root cause of discrimination and how it is controllable (Balogun, 2016). i. Operant conditioning would emphasize punishing those encouraging discrimination, thus lowering the possibility of discrimination. ii. Social learning theory would confirm that humans can avoid discrimination and prejudice through living in and observing a society without prejudice. V. Limitations of the Behavioral Solution a. The behaviorist approach emphasizes behaviors as resulting in discrimination leaving out the cognitive and personality aspects of discrimination. Including the role of personality on prejudice and cognitive processes in prejudice would be fundamental. b. To first solve this problem, it is important to understand why discrimination exists by using some theories like; radial, classical and methodological conditioning. These limitations of behaviorism theories can be easily solved and addressed through different strategies. The first one is that behaviorists should come up with experiments and studies that involve humans as their major subjects. This will address the issue that their claims cannot be used to address human problems. c. The second way to solve these limitations is that experts should come up with different researches to prove whether these claims are applicable or not. This will be used to prove whether those against the theories are correct or not. d. The third strategy is that when conducting tests or experiments, the subjects should have free will and not be forced to behave or believe in something. VI. Conclusion a. To understand the problem of discrimination, patterns of response and stimulus have to be examined and analyzed. Different learning experiences may result in discrimination; that’s why it is vital to understand these learning experiences and how they shape the discrimination issue. i. Modern technologies should also be applied in the research because the ideas and thoughts of people have revolutionized due to enhancements of technology. These are the potential solutions to the claims against SOCIAL ISSUES OUTLINE 4 behaviorism theories, which can be used to prove whether they are applicable or not to humans and the general society (Staddon, 2017). ii. Several limitations have been identified for behaviorism. These limitations can be addressed by coming up with more research and studies to establish whether these claims are true or not. In my view, behaviorism can be used as a potential solution to discrimination issues in society (Bandura, 2018). b. The paper evaluates the behavioral interpretation of discrimination. Behaviorism theory can be critical, especially in addressing problems of discrimination, which have affected how people interact with one another (Barrett, L. 2019). c. In conclusion, studies of behaviorism are vital, especially in understanding why some people are discriminated against while others are not; they are also important in coming up with potential solutions to discrimination. i. The best solution to this problem is first understanding the discrimination through the lens of radial behaviorism then coming up with analyses of human feelings and thoughts. These feelings are then interpreted to understand the root cause of discrimination practices against some people (Quinn, 2017).

REFERENCES

Balogun, B. J. (2016). The Problem of Other Minds: A Yoruba Hermeneutic Deconstruction of the Logical Behaviourist Approach. The Journal of Pan African Studies (Online), 9(3), 15

Bandura, A. (2018). Albert bandura and social learning theory. Learning Theories For Early Years Practice, 63. Barrett, L. (2019). Enactivism, pragmatism…behaviorism? Philosophical Studies, 176(3), 807- 818. doi: 10.1007/s11098-018-01231-7

Bennett, R. (1996). Relationship formation and governance in consumer markets: transactional analysis versus the behaviourist approach. journal of Marketing Management, 12(5), 417-436.

Commons, M. (2001). Behaviorism Resurrected. Contemporary Psychology, 46(4), 348-351. doi: 10.1037/002440.

Malone, J. (2004). Modern Molar Behaviorism and Theoretical Behaviorism: Religion and Science. Journal of The Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 82(1), 95-102. doi: 10.1901/jeab.2004.82-95

Murtonen, M., Gruber, H., & Lehtinen, E. (2017). The return of behaviorist epistemology: A review of learning outcomes studies. Educational Research Review, 22, 114-128.

Quinn, P. (2017). Book review: Discrimination as Stigma: A Theory of Anti-discrimination Law. International Journal of Discrimination and The Law, 17(3), 213-216. doi: 10.1177/1358229117728621

Staddon, J. (2017). The Old Behaviorism: A Response to William Baum’s Review of the New Behaviorism. Journal of The Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 82(1), 79-83. doi: 10.1901/jeab.2004.82-79

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It is suggested effects of oxytocin explain altruistic behaviors. Should this knowledge be used to promote prosocial behaviors? Why or why not? Support your position with relevant research and examples.

With the understanding that etiology of impulse control issues associated with treatments for Parkinson’s disease is complex, consider the ethical concerns of any psychopharmacological treatment that may lead to gambling, increase risk-taking behaviors, or other potentially harmful behaviors. Is such treatment worth the risks of potential side-effects? Why or why not? Support your view. How does your personal worldview influence your position in this discussion? Explain. 350 words

What psychology and/or social work theories can be applied to the safety and well being of children for this scenario?

A call was received in the DFCS county office regarding the three McNulty children, ages 7, 5, and 3. An anonymous caller reported that the home these children live in with their mother and grandmother is very dirty with trash scattered all throughout the floor of the home and in the yard. The caller also reported that he believes there is little to no food in the home as the 7 and 5-year olds often come to his home asking for something to eat. All three children are often dirty when playing outside.

For this assignment, you will begin by reviewing Applying Psychology to Everyday Life: Paying Attention to Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder on pp. 87–88 of the eTextbook.

Now, imagine that you are a university psychology professor. One of your students, John Doe, was recently diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), combined presentation. He has e-mailed you and requested your advice and assistance with better understanding his circumstances, diagnosis, and prognosis. You will reply to John by writing an e-mail in which you will offer him advice in the following areas.

Indicate structures of the brain that are involved and biopsychology factors that could impact his emotions, learning, memory, and motivation related to your class.

Describe ways in which his brain can perceive information from the outside world that could in turn impact his performance in your class.

Identify suggestions that you have for John to increase his chances for success in your class as well his other courses.

Your e-mail must be a minimum of 500 words in the body of the e-mail. You must use at least two sources, one of which may be your eTextbook, to support your advice. All sources used must be properly cited. Include the references at the bottom of the e-mail for your student’s reference. Please include a title page for the homework. The title page, citations, and references must be formatted in APA style.

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