Discussion topics support this unit’s objective and should be completed after reading all materials. Your responses ought to include original evaluation, synthesis, or analysis of the topic, and contribute to the weekly discussion in a meaningful way. You must complete all discussion topics and reply to your peers’ posts. Refer to the Discussion Board Rubric under Course Resources for additional requirements.

Discussion Topic: Probation

Define probation. What crimes should probation be utilized for and what crimes should not be? Substantiate your thoughts with research and discuss why you are of this opinion. If you were a probation officer, what types of conditions would you set for those who you were supervising? Explain in detail why these conditions are important. Use research to substantiate your response and cite your sources using APA formatting.


NEED BY 10 APRIL 2016 BY 2300HRS


Not everyone agrees about why some people break rules while others follow them. Now that you have learned some of the main theories of deviance, you are ready to put your sociological perspective in gear and find out what other people’s views are on this topic.




This assignment has two parts. Part 1 is to conduct two brief interviews. Part 2 is to apply the theory of deviance that you think best describes each respondent’s views on why deviance occurs and how it could be prevented.




Part 1: Interview two people to learn what they think are the main causes of deviance (not just crime, but all rule breaking) in the U.S. society today. Also, ask respondents for their ideas about the remedy for deviance.




These two questions might be helpful to structure your interview. Remember, this is a brief interview, not an in-depth investigation into your respondents’ views.




What are some of the reasons that you think are behind deviance in today’s society?


HINT: Be prepared to explain the difference between deviance and crime, but be sure to tell the respondent that you are interested in all rule-breaking, not just criminal acts.


What do you think are some effective ways to prevent people from breaking society’s rules?


HINT: Encourage the respondent to think about juvenile and adult deviance as they answer this question.






Part 2: In a 2–3 page paper, summarize and interpret each of your respondents’ answers. Use one theory of deviance to help explain each respondent’s answers. For instance, respondent one might have said that kids who hang out with bad kids are bound to turn bad. You might choose differential association theory to help explain this respondent’s answers.




No outside resources are required for this Assignment, but to earn full credit you must use in-text citations (in APA format) to the course materials to substantiate the definitions of the theories that you use to explain your respondent’s answers.




Be sure that your paper is written in essay form and that it includes these elements:




An introduction that explains the purpose of the interviews, describes who was interviewed (estimated age, relationship to you) and under what conditions (i.e., at work, at home, in public place such as the grocery store, while watching your child’s soccer game).

A detailed summary of each interview with generous quotes from the respondent. DO NOT just include the script of the questions asked and responses given.

Two separate paragraphs that apply a theory of deviance to explain each respondent’s ideas about the causes of deviance and how it can be prevented. You may find that the same theory explains both respondents’ views, but you will still need to apply the theory to the detailed responses of each respondent in a separate paragraph.

A conclusion that summarizes what you learned from the interview process and briefly explains how your views about rule-breaking and its prevention align with those of your respondents.

The Professional Interview Protocol document must be followed and is attached to the original post. That Protocol requires that you schedule each interview for a specific date and time, that you record and submit your interview notes, and that you do not interview relatives or friends for this Assignment.




You may use the following reference: Macionis, John J. Sociology, 15th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions, 10/2013. VitalSource Bookshelf Online.


Complete this week’s Practice Activity.

Matching exercises give you an opportunity to practice definitions and develop logical and critical thinking skills. By using such techniques as inversion, diversion, and the process of elimination, you are able to greatly increase the probability of answering questions correctly. This is an important skill to have, as it is commonly found on nearly all standardized tests and increases critical thinking.

The objective of this exercise is to understand restitution, parole, mandatory release, and parole.

Unit 9 Practice Activity

Review the details of the Coatesville Fires.

Complete the Unit 9 Assignment Worksheet: The Coatesville Fires Case.

Directions for Submitting Your Assignment

Save your Assignment in the following format: Last name First name Assignment. (Example: SmithJohn_Unit9_Assignment).

Submit your Assignment to the Unit 9 Assignment Dropbox by the end of Unit 9.

respond to class mate Karen:

Probation is a type of sentence given to offenders to serve in their community rather than spending time in jail. Offenders given probation can either be supervised, unsupervised, community-control, shock probation, and crime-specific types (McKenna, 2018) and acquire certain conditions the offender must abide by. 

Probation should only be given to those who have committed petty crimes such as vandalism, possession of marijuana (very small amount), drunk driving if it’s their first time breaking the law. An individual who has been charged with sexual assault, molestation, or murder should not be given probation as they pose a threat to society. Although, McKenna (2018) states that crime-specific types probation may be given to sex offenders. What is done here is that the government installs a monitoring software to track what the offenders do on his computer. I would not argue if this type of probation is given to sex offenders after they have served their time in prison. 

Thinking back at one of our seminars where we discussed how probation or parole can come in conflict with the jobs individuals hold because probation may require you to show up in a specific time that you start work causing the individual to lose his job. If I were a probation officer, I would want copies of the client’s work schedule so that he is able to do both (if probation officers can do that). The goal is for the offender to not offend again and we should not pose another obstacle in their path to do better. I would also want to check on them regularly (as a pop-up), proof of what they are doing to turn their lives around, provide them with counseling, and ask my permission when they want to leave their county. For me, these conditions are important to bring safety to society and help reinstate offenders into society as a functional citizen (unknown author, 2013).

McKenna, K. (2018). What types of probation are there? Retrieved from https://www.legalmatch.com/law-library/article/what-types-of-probation-are-there.html

N/A, (2013). The importance of probation for achieving community safety. Retrieved from https://www.probationofficeredu.org/2013/06/the-importance-of-probation-for-achieving-community-safety/

respond to susan:

According to Schmalleger (2017) probation is “A sentence of imprisonment that is suspended. Also, the conditional freedom granted by a judicial officer to a convicted offender, as long as the person meets certain conditions of behavior.” When someone who has been found guilty Is being sentenced they can be given probation. This is a set number of years that they have to report to a probation officer and follow a set of rules given. Some of these rules are things like no drinking, no drugs, and no leaving the state. Probation can also be given to serve after a sentence. So, someone can get 3 years jail time and 3 years’ probation. The probation starts once they are released. The federal government no longer has probation it is now called supervised release. The difference is probation you have an officer that supervises you and it is up to them if they want to report a violation to the court. Supervised release also has an officer, but everything has to be reported to the courts. I personally had t serve 3 years supervised release and it was no fun at all. I personally think that setting guidelines depends on each person’s crime. The courts actually set the guidelines but if given the opportunity the main ones would be no drugs, no excessive drinking, and they must report when scheduled. These main ones will help with tracking each convict and hoefully keep them out of trouble.

Schmalleger, F. (2017). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century, 14th Edition. [Purdue University Global Bookshelf]. Retrieved from https://purdueuniversityglobal.vitalsource.com/#/books/9780134145648/


The following website contains links to research projects on treatment for drug abuse currently being funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse , https://clinicaltrials.gov/search/term=NIDA


Browse the various studies underway and choose a clinical trial that assesses a potential treatment.

 Summarize the study for your classmates.Explain whether this treatment would be characterized as a behavioral intervention or a drug/pharmacological intervention.Explain how this intervention relates to any of the drug treatments you read about this module.Identify the physiological changes this treatment might bring about. For example, will a particular neurochemical be altered by this drug or behavior?As you prepare for this discussion, there are several issues to consider when thinking about drug addiction.  For example, medications have a purpose can be very helpful; however, we know that in today’s world, approximately 15 million people misuse prescription drugs.  This does not account illegal or recreational drugs.  Millions of dollars, some from private insurance companies and some from public insurances such as Medicaid are spent each year for those who seek treatment for substance dependence.  Regardless of the reason that one takes a medication or uses a drug of any kind (illegal or not), nobody sets out to become an addict  so why do they end up as one?  The Stages of Drug Addiction

Stage 1: Experimentation

Experimentation is defined as the voluntary use of drugs without experiencing any negative social or legal consequences. For many, experimenting may occur once or several times as a way to “have fun” or even to help the individual cope with a problem. For many, experimentation can occur without any desire to continue using the drug. For others, it can start to become a problem when it moves into the next stage of addiction: regular use.

Stage 2: Regular Use

Some people will be able to enter the stage of regular use without developing a dependence or addiction. These people will be able to stop the drug use on their own. The problem with regular use is that the risk for substance abuse greatly increases during this stage. It also increases risky behaviors such as driving under the influence, unexplained violence, and symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Stage 3: Risky Use/Abuse

The line between regular use and risky use/abuse is a very thin one, but is usually defined as continued use of drugs in spite of severe social and legal consequences. What might have begun as a temporary form of escape can quickly lead to more serious problems. This is the stage where the warning signs of addiction will begin to appear: craving, preoccupation with the drug, and symptoms of depression, irritability and fatigue if the drug is not used.

Stage 4: Drug Addiction and Dependency

Physical dependence on a drug is often intertwined with addiction. Characteristics of dependence and drug addiction include withdrawal symptoms and compulsive use of the drug despite severe negative consequences to his or her relationships, physical and mental health, personal finances, job security and criminal record.Since nobody “wants” to become an addict, why can’t one “just stop” once they realize they have a problem?


In this Discussion, you will start thinking about how you can best convey your message through digital media such as a video, slide presentation, or podcast which rely on both text and visuals to highlight a main message. If you are not readily familiar with digital media tools, WC has resources that you can review, and one of them is “PowerPoint Basics.” If you want to try different tools beyond the basic slide presentation, the Internet has several free tools to consider, such as Animoto®, Prezi®, PowToon®, WeVideo®, or Fotobabble®.

When considering both the tools and visuals to include, keep in mind the requirements of this unit’s digital media Assignment. You can review the Unit 9 Assignment guidelines here.

As noted in the Learning Activities, a great deal of thought should be put into the selection and use of visuals and text in digital media presentations. Therefore, you will create a draft of your digital media presentation and share it on the Discussion Board to receive feedback from your classmates and the instructor. You will receive peer feedback on your draft of your digital media presentation, much like you may well receive comments and feedback from your community members or coworkers if they are provided access to the digital media presentation.

When you engage in a team presentation, whether for work or school, you want to provide support for your teammates, acknowledge their contributions by pointing out strengths in their work, and offer original, thoughtful feedback that will benefit the entire team. The ability to collaborate effectively is a crucial professional skill, and this week’s discussion will help you to build those skills.

To earn full participation credit, you will need to respond substantively to at least two peers’ initial Discussion posts and show active engagement in the discussion as described in the grading rubric. These responses should stay on topic and generate further discussion by asking questions, mentioning relevant examples, and if possible, referencing concepts from the unit Learning Activities. The following questions will help you construct your responses: What is the main message that you took away from the digital media presentation? How well do the written text and visuals work together to create an argument? How might the identified audience respond to the presentation’s text and visuals? What were the strengths of the presentation? What are at least two areas that need improvement?

All Discussion posts and responses to peers should be written in complete sentences using Standard American English. Before posting, proofread for grammar, spelling, and word-choice issues. Be sure to respond fully to every aspect of the Discussion.

When you refer to concepts from the unit Learning Activities, be sure to use a signal phrase like “According to . . .[name of reading].” If you are directly quoting the Learning Activities or another source, be sure to use quotation marks and cite the source using proper APA in-text citations and full references. The Writing Center has resources on APA citation formatting.


You can review a sample Discussion post and response to a peer by clicking on the following link: Unit 9 Sample Discussion Assignment.

You can review a sample PowerPoint presentation by clicking on the following link: Unit 9 Sample PowerPoint. You can also review a video version of the same presentation by following this link to YouTube:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y2OJH5tbr2k.

You can review the rubric the instructor will use when determining your Discussion grade by clicking on the following link: Discussion Assignment Grading Rubric.

 please respond to classmate Leon:Unit 9 Assignment Draft.pptx(1.48 MB)

ashely:Unit 9 Assignment.pptx(1.85 MB)

see attachment

short answer / multiple choice / and a lot of true & false questions


I did 1/20.  Please submit answers to the rest.


Need 100%.  Please do not send handshake if you haven’t even open the document.  Review it prior to handshaking.  I will be more happy to give good rating if received an A on this.  

For this Assignment, you will use technology and the writing skills you have learned thus far to create a digital media presentation appropriate for sharing outside of the classroom environment.

You will use the draft of your media presentation to develop a slide presentation or video that is designed to have a strong impact on the audience. Your digital media presentation is not necessarily testing your design skills, though you should certainly try to practice the design suggestions provided in the WC resources. More importantly, you are practicing your composition skills by combining text and images to compel your audience to recognize the importance of your argument for change. The digital media presentation should have the following characteristics:  Slide presentation or video format (contact your instructor for prior approval if you have a different idea for your digital media presentation)  Contains at least 8–10 slides (slide presentation, not including the title and references slide) or lasts approximately 45 seconds to 1 minute (video)  Research from at least four reliable sources to support the main message, including graphics  Minimally, two visuals (e.g., photo, table, diagram, chart, etc.)  Research and visuals are cited in APA citation format, both in-text and on a References slide or in a separate Word document. You need to quote material taken directly from a source. The same standards for documenting sources apply to a presentation that apply to an essay.  A clear argument for change in your community or workplace (the one you have been writing about throughout the course)  Designed with a specific audience in mind in order to motivate your viewers to take action or change how they think about the topic

Noted below are the specific requirements for this unit’s Assignment:  Title page/slide with the presentation title, your name, and course information  If you are submitting a video, Vimeo® , PowToon, Prezi, etc., please submit a separate Word document with the title page, references page, a link to the presentation, and the text for your presentation  References to sources, including graphics, are cited in APA 6th Edition style both in-text and on a separate References slide

See the following KUWC resources for further guidance on APA manuscript formatting and APA citation formatting:  WC: Common Citations in APA Format  WC: Getting Started with APA Style  WC: What is Plagiarism?

Click the following link to access the grading rubric your instructor will use when assessing your Assignment: Unit 9 Assignment Rubric

Click the following link to see a sample Assignment: Unit 9 Assignment Sample

You can also review a video version of the same presentation by following this link to YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y2OJH5tbr2k.

Submitting your Unit 9 Assignment:

When you are ready to submit your Unit 9 Assignment, go to the Unit 9 Assignment Dropbox and attach your work.

If you are submitting digital media other than a PowerPoint, you may create a Word document with the title page, references page, a link to the presentation, and the text for your presentation.

To view your graded work, come back to the Dropbox or go to the Gradebook after your instructor has evaluated it.

needed by 5pm on 5/23

When new parents are expecting a baby, they rarely consider the possibility that the baby could have significant challenges. For those who have children with severe, multiple disabilities, planning for the future is a critical, lifelong process and requires considerable investments of time and effort, while potentially causing significant stress to the parents. With advances in our understanding, there are many more resources available to children and families than there were previously.

Review the following scenario:


Jefferson is a six-year-old boy in kindergarten. He has suffered from cerebral palsy and a severe seizure disorder since he was an infant, resulting in significant physical and cognitive impairment. Although he has received services and support through early childhood intervention (ECI) services, as he enters formal schooling, his parents have become increasingly concerned about his future. Jefferson spends most of his time in a wheelchair and uses a special touchscreen augmentative communication device. In addition to their concerns about the future, Jefferson’s father also harbors considerable guilt that he or his wife might have caused their son’s disabilities.

Based on your research, respond to the following:Summarize research related to the influence of nature versus nurture on the cause of Jefferson’s disabilities.Provide a hypothesis of Jefferson’s likely prognosis. What supports or services might maximize this outcome?Evaluate what Jefferson’s future might have been if he were being raised in the U.S. in the 1940s.

Write a 3–5-page paper in Word format (not counting the title and reference pages). Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Be sure to include a title page and reference page, also in APA format.