Communication Change Challenge (CCC)

CCC Part 8: Evaluating Your Progress Part 8 is where you will evaluate the impact of the project as it relates to interpersonal communication and the terminal course objectives (TCOs). It is important here that you clearly demonstrate your understanding of many of the course concepts through application to your course project.

Be sure to submit all of the parts listed in the blue box below.

CCC Part 8: Evaluating Your Progress

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Remember that your patterns for communicating interpersonally have been developed over many years. Therefore, you should be neither surprised nor discouraged to find that changing your interpersonal communication behavior takes time. In order for you to take this project to its fullest potential, you may need to continue to modify, implement, and reinforce these new behaviors for far longer than the duration of the project. It is possible, however, to modify the way you communicate, and because the payoff is improvement to our communication and relationship outcomes, changing interpersonal communication is worth the effort. After you have implemented your target behaviors for about two weeks, write a final evaluation addressing the following: Deliverables for Part 8

8A. What was the course material that suggests that this particular communication behavior was an appropriate target for change? Be specific; apply material from the text, lecture, TCOs, and so forth.

8B. Consider the implementation of your new behaviors in Part 7. Which of your behaviors particularly please you? What was the course material that suggests that this new communication behavior is a positive change? Be specific; apply material from the text, lecture, TCOs, and so forth.

8C. Consider the implementation of your new behaviors in Part 7. Were there any situations in which you were dissatisfied with your approach to improving your interpersonal communication? What was the course material that suggests that this particular communication behavior continues to be less than ideal? Be specific; apply material from the text, lecture, TCOs, and so forth. If you were not dissatisfied with your approach, why do you think this happened?

8D. Consider the implementation of your new behaviors in Part 7. What changes would you still like to make? What was the course material that suggests that this modification would complement or enhance your communication outcomes? Be specific; apply material from the text, lecture, TCOs, and so forth.

8E. Consider the entire course project. How have your interpersonal relationships changed as a result of this project? What is the course material that suggests that these particular relationship changes are positive or negative? Be specific; apply material from the text, lecture, TCOs, and so forth.

 

PEER RESPONSE GUIDELINES: Response Guidelines

Provide a substantive contribution that advances the discussion in a meaningful way by identifying strengths of the posting, challenging assumptions, and asking clarifying questions. Your response is expected to reference the assigned readings, as well as other theoretical, empirical, or professional literature to support your views and writings. Reference your sources using standard APA guidelines. Review the Participation Guidelines section of the Discussion Participation Scoring Guide to gain an understanding of what is required in a substantive response.

PEER1 RESPONSE:

JASMINE HUTCHINS-UZZELL

According to the information provided by Warner (2013) a null hypothesis is an algebraic statement that a certain parameter has a certain value. The example that was given was, “H0 for the one-sample z test is usually of the form H0: μ = c where c is a specific numerical value. In other words, H0 is the assumption that the population mean on a variable corresponds to a specific numerical value c (Warner 2013, p.1056).” In simpler form a null hypothesis that says there is no statistical significance between the two variables in the hypothesis. An alternative hypothesis according to Warner (2013) is also known as research hypothesis that can take 3 possible forms. You have non-directional hypothesis one tailed or directional hypothesis, but ultimately it is the opposite of the null hypothesis. Basically they are saying that there is statistically significance between the values. An Idea that I think could work with ABA is resulting back to the job I do, dealing with children with behavior plans and IEPs. Based on whatever contract that I have going on with a student can result into how the item is received. I can make a null hypothesis and state that because the child is having a bad day then they will not care about what they receive and it can either be good or bad. I would be able to determine this by calculating their behavior and understanding the little to no increase on the mean. My alternative hypothesis I would determine that the behavior would increase more which could alter the chances of the student getting the item. Based on the information provided by Warner (2013) the statistically significant between the hypothesis would be determined on the behavior or the child. Do they want the prize token given by the teacher, or do they not care?

References

Warner, R. M. (2013). Applied Statistics: From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques, 2nd Edition. [Bookshelf Online]. Retrieved from https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781483305974/

PEER RESPONSE 2:

CAIT BAHR

Researchers create null hypotheses ( H0) to make guesses about a statistic, such as a mean (Warner, 2009). This guess has no statistical significance to either variable that is being measured (Warner, 2009). In many cases, the null hypothesis is incorrect (Warner, 2009). Ironically enough, researchers hope to find data to prove that the null hypothesis is inconclusive (Warner, 2009). Once a null hypothesis is created, researchers will work to find enough research and evidence to determine that the null hypothesis that they made is incorrect (Warner, 2009). 

   An alternative hypothesis is also known as the research hypothesis (Warner, 2009). Unlike the null hypothesis, the alternative hypothesis uses two variables that have statistical significance (Warner, 2009). In many cases, researchers will use an alternative hypothesis to determine that their null hypothesis was incorrect (Warner, 2009). Alternative hypotheses can take form in more than one way, depending on the need of the hypothesis (Warner, 2009). One of the first forms that the alternative hypothesis can take is a two-tailed alternative hypothesis (Warner, 2009). In a two-tailed alternative hypothesis, the researcher will finally have the opportunity to determine whether or not the null hypothesis was accurate (Warner, 2009). The null hypothesis will be deemed incorrect if the two-tailed alternative hypothesis determines that the values of M were larger, or smaller than 100 (Warner, 2009). The second and third forms of alternative hypotheses that can occur are the one-tailed or directional alternative hypothesis (Warner, 2009). Both of these hypotheses can also help determine if the null hypothesis was inaccurate based on the factors of the means and inequalities (Warner, 2009). 

   An example of a null hypothesis and an alternative hypothesis in a field related to applied behavior analysis (ABA) would be creating a sample scenario where students with behavioral problems are placed on a token economy system. In many cases (at least that I have experienced thus far), token economy allows students the opportunity to work towards something they will enjoy (ie. A tangible item). In this scenario, imagine that a behavioral student is being put on a behavior plan and token economy system. If the student earns 10 tokens a day, they will then earn a preferred edible item at the end of the day. However, if the student does not earn the 10 tokens, then they will not earn the edible. If I were to create a null hypothesis, I would hypothesize that the student’s frequency of the student’s behavioral problems will not improve because they do not care about the edible item. I would determine this by estimating that their behavior will increase by a mean of only 0%. However, in my alternative hypothesis, I would hypothesize that the student will improve by at least 50% and the frequency of their behavior will decrease by a mean of 50%. 

Reference

Warner, R. M. (2013). Applied Statistics From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques (2nd ed.).  Thousand Oakes, CA: SAGE Publications.

Unit5Disc1QDA Correlation Versus Causation

If correlation does not imply causation, what does it imply? Are there ever any circumstances when a correlation can be interpreted as evidence for a causal connection between two variables? If yes, what circumstances? Required Readings

Use your Warner text, Applied Statistics: From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques, to complete the following: Read Chapter 7, “Bivariate Pearson Correlation,” pages 261–314. This chapter addresses the following topics:  Assumptions of Pearson’s r. Preliminary data screening for Pearson’s r. Statistical significance tests for Pearson’s r. Factors influencing the magnitude and sign of Pearson’s r. Effect-size indexes. Interpretation of Pearson’s r values. Read Chapter 8, “Alternative Correlation Coefficients,” pages 315–343. This chapter addresses the following topics:  Correlations for rank or ordinal scores. Correlations for true dichotomies. Correlations for artificial dichotomies. Chi-square test of association.

Jia, Y., Konold, T. R., & Cornell, D. (2015). Authoritative school climate and high school dropout rates. School Psychology Quarterly. doi:10.1037/spq0000139

Anderson, C. A., & Bushman, B. J. (2001). Effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, physiological arousal, and prosocial behavior: A meta-analytic review of the scientific literature. Psychological Science, 12(5), 353–359.

Unit5Disc2QDA Interpreting Correlations

A meta-analysis (Anderson & Bushman, 2001) reported that the average correlation between time spent playing video games ( X) and engaging in aggressive behavior ( Y) in a set of 21 well-controlled experimental studies was .19. This correlation was judged to be statistically significant. In your own words, what can you say about the nature of the relationship?

Correlations

See the Resources area for links to resources that you will use for this assignment: You will complete this assignment using the Data Analysis and Application (DAA) Template. Read the SPSS Data Analysis Report Guidelines for a more complete understanding of the DAA Template and how to format and organize your assignment. Refer to IBM SPSS Step-By-Step Guide: Correlations for additional information on using SPSS for this assignment. If necessary, review the Copy/Export Output Instructions to refresh your memory on how to perform these tasks. As with your previous two assignments, your submission should be in narrative format with supporting statistical output (table and graphs) integrated into the narrative in the appropriate places (not all at the end of the document).

You will analyze the following variables in the grades.sav data set: gender gpa total final Step 1: Write Section 1 of the DAA. Provide the context of the grades.sav data set.  Include a definition of the specified variables and corresponding scales of measurement. Indicate the type of correlation for each X, Y pair (Pearson’s r, Spearman’s r, point-biserial r, et cetera). Specify the sample size of the data set. Step 2: Write Section 2 of the DAA. Test the assumptions of correlation for gpa and final. Paste the SPSS histogram output for each variable and discuss your visual interpretations. Paste SPSS descriptives output showing skewness and kurtosis values and interpret them. Paste SPSS scatter plot output with “gpa” set to the horizontal axis and “final” set to the vertical axis. Conduct a visual inspection of the scatter plot to analyze other assumptions of correlation. Summarize whether or not the assumptions of correlation are met. Step 3: Write Section 3 of the DAA. Specify a research question related to gpa and final. Articulate the null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis. Specify your alpha level. Step 4: Write Section 4 of the DAA. Paste the SPSS output of the intercorrelation matrix for all specified variables.  First, report the lowest magnitude correlation in the intercorrelation matrix, including degrees of freedom, correlation coefficient, p value, and effect size. Interpret the effect size. Specify whether or not to reject the null hypothesis for this correlation. Second, report the highest magnitude correlation in the intercorrelation matrix, including degrees of freedom, correlation coefficient, p value, and effect size. Interpret the effect size. Specify whether or not to reject the null hypothesis for this correlation. Third, report the correlation between gpa and final, including degrees of freedom, correlation coefficient, pvalue, and effect size. Interpret the effect size. Analyze the correlation in terms of the null hypothesis. Step 5: Write Section 5 of the DAA. Discuss the implications of this correlation as it relates to the research question. Conclude with an analysis of the strengths and limitations of correlational analysis.

Submit your DAA Template as an attached Word document in the assignment area. Resources Correlations Scoring Guide.  DAA Template. SPSS Data Analysis Report Guidelines. IBM SPSS Step-by-Step Guide: Correlations. Copy/Export Output Instructions.

APA Style and Format.

 

Select an article about Autism, and one about one of the cognitive disorders that affect adults or the elderly. Summarize the articles in a 2 page paper. Identify 5 points to share with your peers.

Please use APA style for your cover page, citing references and formatting the reference page. DO NOT include font text larger than 12 or font color other than black.

Agency Site Visit Paper

AGENCY SITE VISIT

All students will complete a site visit at a local chemical dependency agency/program in order to learn firsthand about clientele, level of care, curriculum, assessment procedures, treatment plans, case management and counseling issues, staff issues, etc. Yes you may use the agency that you complete or completed  your AHS fieldwork hours .  Thereafter you will analyze the effectiveness of the treatment services. I’m looking for you to base your critique on examples and opinions cited in the literature.  Follow APA formatting.

NOTE: Personal Biases and opinions should not be addressed in this paper. All observations should be addressed through your substance abuse theoretical framework.

Call an agency/program and schedule an informational interview with an Addiction Professional. Interview him or her with the assistance of the  “Outline for Site visit” below

Write a 6- 9 page paper describing and analyzing the service. Organize your paper into these four sections:  I. Descriptive Information; II. Theoretical Approaches   III. Analysis of Service: IV. Implications for My Substance Use Disorder Practice. It must be organized in this fashion or it will not be graded. Each section is to be clearly labeled.

Sections I and II 200 points

Sections IIIand IV 200 points

Outline for Site Visit.

I.  General Description of Service

A.  Describe the agency /program and its target population.

B.  Describe the program’s level of care system and how one transfer’s to each level.

C.  Describe the screening, assessment intervention, discharge process. What are the time frames, assessments, primary intervention modalities case management. process group, education group?

II. Theoretical Approaches

A.  Discuss the prominent theories/models that underlie the service provided. Moral

Model, Medical – Disease Model Learning Theory,  Psychoanalytic Theory. Ecological

Perspective, Family Theory, Bio Psycho Social Theory

III. Critical Analysis of the Quality of Treatment Service: Analyze the effectiveness of the service based on the needs of the target population by critically describing 4 things in the program is doing effectively and 4 things the program needs some improvement. A list of some ideas…

* Intake: Is there treatment on demand or is there a long waiting list?

* Orientation: is there a thorough welcoming orientation?

Urinal Analysis (UA): Does the program conduct U.A’S? Is this the major “tool!” used to monitor AOD use? What are the consequences if a client gets a positive urine screen?

What education is offered?  What part of the program is the most important for the

Clients’ to learn? Is relapse prevention being offered early in treatment or is it offered just prior to discharge?

* Cultural Competence: Is the program adequately accounting for the cultural diversity of its clients (gender, race, sexual orientation, class, age disability, etc).Did they speak the language of the clients they served?

* Dual Diagnosis Disorders: Is the program adequately addressing dual disorders? Is pharmacotherapy available?

* Family /Significant Others: Does the program have an avenue for other parties to get involved? Are there family groups, or private family sessions? What about the children?

*Case management: Does the program provide case management?

*Ancillary Services: Some populations need services in addition to drug/alcohol (such as transportation/housing, childcare, food vocational legal help). Are these provided?

*Outcome Studies: How does the program measure successful treatment outcomes? Does the program provide a follow up interview (six months after discharge) as a way to evaluate the program or study outcomes.

*Strength Based Practice: Did the agency provide a positive atmosphere? Were the counselors genuinely friendly? Was the agency client-centered?

IV. Implication for My Substance Use Disorder Practice: based on what you learned in the process of this paper, what skills or information do you need to improve the quality of your work with AOD clients?

Next

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper discussing social and multicultural psychology.

Address the following in your paper: Define social psychology. Describe the primary research strategies used in social psychology and give an example of each. Define multicultural psychology. Explain how social and multicultural psychology are related and what separates them into two distinct fields.

Format your paper according to APA guidelines.

Instructions are attached

  

Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resource on your own before you bid. One of the references must come from Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2016). You are expected to include at least one scholarly and peer-reviewed resource outside of those provided in the readings for each discussion post. I need this completed by 05/05/18 at 5pm. You can chose option A or option B but please support your paper with several references including the book.

Application Assignment: Virtual Field ExperienceTM

Option A:

This Virtual Field Experience TM (VFE®) Assignment is designed to promote your understanding of the use of affirmative therapy with a client who is questioning her sexual orientation. You observe a simulated counseling session and then listen to a professional dialogue about what took place; this is considered a reflected practice and explains some of the reasoning behind the counselor’s actions. The VFE® also demonstrates the power of reflective practice, or the power of reflecting on what one says and does during a counseling session.

For this Assignment, read the Pachankis article on affirmative therapy. Review the APA guidelines for working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) clients in counseling. Then, review the VFE® course media Affirmative Therapy. Take detailed notes on the competencies outlined in the APA guidelines.

The Assignment:

In a 3- to 4-page paper, write a summary of the VFE® session, noting the competencies and practices that were effectively demonstrated by the counselor. Use the Learning Resources, APA guidelines, and the Pachankis article on affirmative therapy to support your summation. Include the following:

· Explain how the counselor effectively applied at least three competencies outlined in the APA guidelines and the article. Provide examples.

· With regard to each competency you selected, share insights that you gained about the application of this competency from the dialogue between the two counselors (in other words, that you did not gain from observation of the session alone).

· Explain how the counselor demonstrated effective cultural competency, providing examples to support your response.

· Based on your current level of knowledge and skill, suggest one recommendation you might make to the counselor to improve his or her effectiveness.

Support your Application Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation.

-OR-

Option B:

This Virtual Field Experience TM Assignment is designed to promote your understanding of the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy with an ethnic minority client who is experiencing marital distress. You observe a simulated counseling session and then listen in on a professional dialogue about what took place during the session and some of the reasoning behind the counselor’s actions. The VFE® also demonstrates the power of reflective practice, or the power of reflecting on what one says and does during a counseling session.

For this Assignment, read Hays’s article on cognitive-behavior therapy. Then review the AMCD Multicultural Counseling Competencies. Finally, review the VFE® course media Adaptation of CBT. Look for and make notes of examples from the guidelines and the article that are illustrated or depicted during the session.

The Assignment:

In a 3- to 4-page paper, write a summary of the VFE® session, noting the competencies and practices that were effectively demonstrated by the counselor. Include the following:

· Explain how the counselor effectively applied at least three competencies outlined in the AMCD guidelines and article. Provide examples.

· With regard to each competency you selected, share insights that you gained about the application of this competency from the dialogue between the two counselors (in other words, that you did not gain from observation of the session alone).

· Explain how the counselor demonstrated effective cultural competency, providing examples to support your response.

· Based on your current level of knowledge and skill, suggest one recommendation you might make to the counselor to improve his or her effectiveness.

Required Resources

Readings

· Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2016). Counseling the culturally diverse: Theory and practice (7th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

o Chapter 8, “Communication Styles and Its Impact on Counseling and Psychotherapy” (pp. 251-282)

o Chapter 9, “Multicultural Evidenced-Based Practice” (pp. 283-319)

· Hays, P. A. (2016). Addressing cultural complexities in practice: Assessment, diagnosis, and therapy (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

o Chapter 10, “Culturally Responsive Therapy: An Integrative Approach” (pp. 227-255)

o Chapter 12, “Pulling It All Together: A Complex Case Example” (pp. 283-298)

· Pachankis, J. E. (2004, Fall). Clinical issues in working with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 41(3), 227–246.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

· Hays, P. A. (1995). Multicultural applications of cognitive-behavior therapy. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 26(3), 309–315.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

· AMCD multicultural counseling competences. (1996). Retrieved from http://www.counseling.org/Resources/Competencies/Multcultural_Competencies.pdf

· American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Practice guidelines for LBG clients. Retrieved December 5, 2012, from http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/guidelines.aspx

Media

Please review the Application Assignment for this week before you view this course media. Your choice of Assignment will guide and focus your viewing and suggested note taking.

Option A:

· Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012i). Virtual Field ExperienceTM: Affirmative therapy. Baltimore, MD: Author.

 

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 42 minutes.

Accessible player  –Downloads– Download Video w/CC Download Audio Download Transcript 

Option B:

· Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012h). Virtual Field ExperienceTM: Adaptation of CBT. Baltimore, MD: Author.

 

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 38 minutes.

Accessible player 

 Writing letters to public officials is a form of political advocacy for clients and social workers. For this Assignment, you will write an advocacy letter to federal public official about a problem and a policy. In addition, you will write a 1-2 page explanation of your letter. Your explanation will provide the rationale behind your chosen issue and the approach you took with the specific representative. 

PROBLEM AND POLICY: HOMELESSNESS IN AMERICA

 In the same document, submit both Part I and II of the assignment (2-4 pages): 

 

Part I: Letter to Representative

Your letter should include: A description of the social welfare issue An explanation of how you want the legislator to respond to the issue (vote, create legislation, hold public hearings, etc.) and why. Support of your viewpoints with credible facts and research.

 

Part II: Explanation (1-2 pages, double-space, APA format)

For this part of the assignment, provide an explanation of: Why you selected the issue How the issue affects social work The reason you chose the specific representative The approach you took with the representative (consider the representative’s voting history, political affiliation, and any other factors you considered)