Assignment 3: Developmental Psychology Research Designs

In developmental psychology, the focus of research is often to examine change over time. Developmental psychologists have some special research designs that allow them to accomplish this. Two such research designs are the cross-sectional design and the longitudinal design. A cross-sectional design measures different groups of people of different ages at the same time. A longitudinal design measures the same group of people at different ages and also, therefore, at different times.

Use your textbook and the Argosy University online library resources to identify and research a topic in adult development (e.g., memory, muscle strength, etc.) that you wish to examine across various age agroups. Develop an outline for either a cross-sectional or longitudinal research design. Write  a paper consisting of the following information:An introduction to the topic you selected, including a summary of at least one peer-reviewed journal article describing recent research (post 2005) on the topic;A description of  how you will measure the topic of study (e.g., the dependent variable).A description of  which type of design will be used and why that would be most appropriate. Also identify what age groups will be studied.On the basis of your readings and research, provide a prediction of what you expect to find upon completion of your study.

Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Your paper should be double-spaced with one-inch margins, written in APA style, and free of typographical and grammatical errors.  It should include a title page with a running head and a reference page. The body of the paper should be 3-5 pages in length.

By Wednesday, April 6, 2016, deliver your assignment to the M1: Assignment 3 Dropbox.Assignment 3 Grading Criteria Maximum Points Provided an introduction to the topic selected.12Provided a summary of at least one peer-reviewed journal article describing recent research (post 2005) on the topic.12Developed a valid, feasible outline for research design, with details on participants and variables.28Explained rationale of research design demonstrating adequate research on topic.20On the basis of the readings and research conducted, provided a prediction of the results.8Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.20Total: 100


Hi The assignment is due on friday.

250 words minimum

Try to map Cattell’s 16 personality factors and Eysenck’s three personality traits onto the Big Five dimensions. Discuss areas where the fit is good and areas they do not correspond as well. Give specific information regarding the information where they fit well and where they do not.

After you have created this map, discuss methods that you could use to assess an individual’s personality. Would you use some of the tools we have discussed? Would you want to use the personality tests we have reviewed in the course or something different? Why or why not? Create a treatment plan that would include some of the techniques a therapist could utilize based on one of the trait theories. Give examples of the goals that would be appropriate and why.

write a paper (minimum 750 words) using APA standards, that answers the questions below.

First, from the Argosy University online library, select one of the following articles to read:Fantasia, Rick. (1995). From class consciousness to culture, action, and social organization . Annual Review of Sociology, 21, p. 267-289.Martin, Karin A. (1998). Becoming a gendered body . American Sociological Review, 63(4), p. 494-511.McKinlay, John B., Lin, Ting, Freund, Karen, & Moskowitz, Mark. (2002). The Unexpected influence of physician attributes on clinical decisions: Results of an experiment . Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43(1), p. 92-106.Whitbeck, Les B., Hoyt, Dan R., McMorris, Barbara J., Chen, Xiaojin, & Stubben, Jerry D. (2001). Perceived discrimination and early substance abuse among American Indian children . Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 42(4), p. 405-424.

Second, answer the following questions in an organized essay:What is the social problem the researchers are investigating?What is the research method (i.e.: survey, participant observation, experiment, secondary sources) used by the researchers?What were the results or findings of the research?What do you think would be a good solution to the social problem?

Please post your completed paper in the M1: Assignment 3 Dropbox.Assignment 3 Grading Criteria Maximum Points Introduction of issue and a conclusion that reviews all main points you present.12Correctly identified and explained the social problem in the chosen article.20Correctly identified and explained the research methods used in the chosen article.20Integrated personal views to the main issue in the chosen article.20Related essay writings to the concepts and theories discussed in the textbook and outside resources.20Submitted on or before due date, using correct spelling and grammar and appropriate APA format.8Total: 100


Final Project : Biopsychological Analysis of a Neuropsychological Disorder

In your Final Project, you will synthesize an overview of the major theories relating to the pathology of a disorder as well as provide a detailed discussion of the etiology (causes) and clinical interventions, using research to support your analysis.  Your topic will be the neuropsychological disorder that was selected and approved by the instructor in your Week One assignment, and for which you provided an outline in the Week Two assignment.  

In keeping with the focus of this class, the emphasis of your paper will be on the neuroscience aspects of the disorder, to include: 

Theories of etiology (causes)  Associated factors in development of the disorder (genetic, environmental, familial, lifestyle)  Pathology (abnormalities of physical structure and function, including genetic and biochemical aspects)  Treatment options (pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic, with rationales for use based on current understanding of the disorder)  Diagnostic and research technologies employed in clinical diagnosis, care, and basic science research   

Your research will include a minimum of six to eight peer-reviewed sources, which provide evidence-based information regarding the biological and psychological features of the disorder and were published within the last five years. At least four of your references should be peer-reviewed publications of original research studies. To justify your assertions, provide in-text citations for all factual statements taken from your research, with corresponding references drawn from scholarly sources.  All citations and sources are to be documented according to APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center, and should support and enhance your analysis of the selected disorder. Sources may include review articles, original research articles, information from government agencies (e.g., National Institutes of Health, Centers for Disease Control, Food and Drug Administration, Drug Enforcement Administration) or professional societies (e.g., professional society position papers or clinical practice guidelines).      

Final Project- Components

Section I:  Introduction

This section should provide a general introduction to the topic as well as an overview of the background and history of the disorder. Further, it should provide a succinct thesis statement of the purpose and overall direction of the paper.  For instance, if your paper will have a large focus on the role of particular neurotransmitters in the etiology of the disorder as a rationale for treatment options, you should indicate this in the introduction. Finally, this section should provide demographic data that indicates the prevalence of the disorder in both general and specific populations.  

Specific required components of the Introduction:   

Succinct thesis statement (one or more sentences detailing the focus of your Final Project and informing the reader about your topic and the scope of your paper)  Define the type of disorder Neurological  Psychological  Neuropsychological  Diagnostic criteria What components must be present for the disorder to be diagnosed?  Include physical and psychological signs and symptoms.    Reason(s) why you chose this topic Personal experience  Professional experience  Other reason  Epidemiology Who is affected?  Are they young/old?  Male/female  Rural/urban  Ethnicities 

Section II: Discussion

This section should make up the majority of the Final Project in terms of size. Here, you will expand upon the main aspects of the disorder and provide details relating to the disorder and its management. This section should provide specific and detailed information (Reminder: All statements of fact require an in-text citation).   Cited/referenced sources should be used to support your analysis of the components of the discussion.  

Specific required components of the Discussion section:   

Detailed description of the disorder Signs and symptoms  Epidemiology  Any subtypes of the disorder  Detailed description of the natural history of the disorder How the disorder develops over time with treatment  How the disorder develops over time without treatment  Methods used to diagnose, evaluate, and manage the disorder Initial diagnosis (e.g., physical exam, imaging and/or laboratory testing, special studies, psychological evaluation, psychometric testing)    Ongoing management (e.g., physical exam, imaging and/or laboratory testing, special studies, psychological evaluation, psychometric testing)  Risk factors Genetics  Lifestyle  Environmental factors  Other causative factors Known  Theorized  Nervous system structures and/or pathways involved in the disorder (detailed information regarding the underlying pathology as it applies to these structures and functional pathways)  Neurotransmitter(s) and receptor system(s) involved in the pathology of the disorder  Current treatment options Drug (pharmacologic) therapies  Nonpharmacologic therapies (including psychological and other therapeutic services)  Type of care providers (e.g., medical, nursing, therapists)  Type of healthcare setting (e.g., hospital, home, outpatient, nursing facility)  Future areas of research Treatment options  Evaluation and diagnostic methods for initial diagnosis  Increasing knowledge relating to etiology and pathologic processes 

Section III: Conclusion

Provide a concluding summary of your findings regarding your selected disorder. The conclusion is a summarization of information that has already been presented.  Typically, if you mention something in the conclusion section of an academic paper, you should have already mentioned this aspect of the topic earlier in the paper. 

Specific required components of the Conclusion section:   

The conclusion reaffirms your initial thesis statement.  The conclusion may be one or more paragraphs. Use the material you have discussed in the paper to support the validity of your synthesis and elaborate on the theme of your paper. 

Writing the Final Project

The Final Project:

Must be 10 to 12 double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.  Must include a title page with the following: Title of paper  Student’s name  Course name and number  Instructor’s name  Date submitted  Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.  Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.  Must include section headings, formatted according to APA style, to organize your paper. Each paragraph must have a minimum of three full sentences.    Must include in-text citations for all statements of facts obtained through your research. Remember that direct quotes (identical phrases or sentences taken from a source) require in-text citations with appropriate formatting.  Statements of opinion should be clearly stated as such, and include a rationale to support why you hold this opinion (e.g., personal or professional experience, your research findings).  Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.  Must use at least six to eight scholarly sources that were published within the last five years, including a minimum of four peer-reviewed original research studies. In general, dictionaries and encyclopedias are not considered appropriate resources for academic writing.  Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.  Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. 

Carefully review the Grading Rubric for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

Gathering Collateral Information

Each assignment in this course will help you prepare your Final Paper. For all assignments, you will use the movie character or historical figure that you used in your Week Two assignment and selected in your Week One journal. (I chose the movie “Mommy Dearest.” Assignment with corrections is attached.)


After gathering your patient’s history, it is considered good practice to contact people who interact with the patient on a regular basis and/or are related to the patient. These people often provide valuable insights into the patient’s behavior(s) and mindset. Typically, the gathered information provides a context for the patient’s environment.

For this assignment, you will write another section of your Final Paper.  View the complete instructions for the Final Paper in the link within Week Five of your online course or the “Components of Course Evaluation” section of this guide.   Your assignment this week must cover the following section of your psychological report and include the heading as listed: Collateral Within this section, you will interpret specific collateral information as it relates to your patient’s abnormal behavior and behavior patterns. You will also integrate information and knowledge regarding the patient’s culture in your evaluation of the maladaptive behavior as reported by the collateral sources.

Typically, this section within a psychological report seeks to answer the following questions (further elaboration within this section is encouraged where possible): What do other people have to say about the patient’s behavior? Are there any commonalities between the collateral sources’ reports? Do the collateral sources have any psychological issues that might exacerbate the patient’s problems? Are there any police reports? Are there any personality testing or intelligence testing reports available?

Your assignment should be a minimum of one page and include sufficient depth and detail to support and inform your diagnostic impression. A title page is not necessary; however, a reference page must be included. A cursory or surface level investigation of the patient’s interpersonal relationships will not provide enough information for your diagnostic impression. If no collateral information is available, create collateral information on your own to inform your diagnostic impression.


Journal 1: Your Personal Attitudes Toward Psychopathology

For this journal, you have two tasks:

Task 1: Indicate which character or historical figure you will investigate for your Week Two assignment, Week Three assignment, and your Final Paper. The character must be the same for each assignment, and you may not alter your choice after the conclusion of Week Two.

Review this list of movies or this list of historical case studies that are approved for use for this assignment.  You must choose from the provided lists.

Task 2: This week’s discussion forum and readings may have triggered some personal thoughts and feelings regarding abnormal psychology. One of the most important aspects of developing competence in abnormal psychology is to be honestly and completely aware of your personal attitudes toward people who have mental health conditions.

This 250- to 500-word journal entry is an opportunity for you to honestly reflect on your thoughts regarding abnormal psychology. For instance, what insights on bias or prejudice does this topic raise? What potential perception issues or conflicts between belief systems and knowledge sets might arise? Consider any other questions that came up for you over the course of this week’s assignments. You may share as much or as little as you wish, as long as it is evident in your journal that you have taken the time to reflect.


Journal 2: Responding to Bias and Prejudice Toward Psychopathology

In last week’s journal, you honestly reflected on your thoughts regarding abnormal psychology. Through that reflection, you may have recognized that you have some biases or prejudices toward specific groups of people. Recognizing any possible biases and prejudices is an essential step toward becoming a scholar of psychology. Taking reasonable steps toward resolving those biases and prejudices is a significant opportunity for personal growth and professional development.

This 250- to 500-word journal entry is an opportunity for you to describe ways that you might go about resolving any biases and prejudices within yourself. Alternatively, you may want to write about how you will respond to bias and prejudice you might encounter in your everyday life.

For instance, what kinds of education or experiences might help you address bias and prejudice within yourself? How might you respond to a person who thinks that people with mental health conditions should be locked away in institutions and never allowed to rejoin society? What kind of education might you provide to a person who believes that Autism is due to poor parenting? What resources might you draw from to support healthy, accurate, and research-supported views regarding psychopathology? What available resources might you point people to who need more information on specific issues? If you have any favorite websites or web resources, please add entries for those into the Webliography for this course.

Journal 3: Questionable Treatment Practices in Psychology

This week’s discussion touched on changes in perception regarding psychopathology in response to shifts in societal attitudes toward specific behaviors. Now, let us look critically at treatments in general. A number of treatments for currently diagnosable disorders have been discontinued, such as trepanning and lobotomies, because they were discredited and are now considered crude and/or barbaric. A number of disorders have been completely removed from diagnostic manuals and their corresponding treatments have been discredited and discontinued. For example, the treatment known as conversion therapy or reparative therapy for lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals is known to be ineffective and even harmful.

In this 250- to 500-word journal entry, you will consider current treatment methods (e.g., electroconvulsive therapy, exposure, and response prevention). Choose a current treatment method and comment on what ways future researchers might consider this current treatment barbaric or crude. Explain why you chose to comment on this treatment. What would need to happen for current acceptance of this treatment procedure to change? What are the ethical implications involved in using a questionable treatment option?

Journal 4: The Subjectivity and Art of Diagnosis

Although psychology prides itself on being a science, the art of diagnosis goes beyond a simple checklist of symptoms. Clinicians generally recognize that any diagnostic exercise must include a culturally sensitive interpretation and analysis of symptoms.

This week’s discussion touched on how an individual’s culture may influence the presentation of symptoms and syndromes. Keeping the discussion in mind, consider the importance and impact of a patient’s cultural background when making a diagnosis.

In this 250- to 500-word journal entry, begin by choosing one symptom or syndrome covered in the Wen-Shing (2006) article that resonated with you. Using the resources in the Ashford University Library, find at least one case study on the symptom or syndrome and briefly describe it for the reader. Google Scholar is not an acceptable resource for this journal. Explain clearly why you chose to comment on this symptom or syndrome instead of other options. If the symptom or syndrome appears to be similar to a condition found in the DSM-5, compare and contrast what is found in the DSM-5 with what is discussed in the Wen-Shing article. 

Self Reflection Paper 

Students will write a 2-3 page self-reflection paper. 

Topic: Effective ways to use motivation and reinforcements to strengthen relationships

As agreed, thanks

Discussion: Family Systems in Social Work Practice

Families are as unique as the individuals who form them. While you may utilize the same or similar techniques, while working with family systems (through the steps in the GIM and related practice skills), it is also important to recognize that each family has its own unique needs and experiences in the world. The empowerment perspective states that an essential aspect of working with individuals and families is to address their feelings of powerlessness and oppression. Empowerment is a process; and one part of that process is to gain an awareness of the oppressive structures evident in our society. Oppression, in the form of racism, sexism, classism, and homophobia, can impact a family’s quality of life and ability to thrive. Empowerment practice includes discussing potential societal barriers that may have contributed to the family’s concerns.  

For this Discussion, review this week’s Resources. Select a diverse family system, such as a family with differences in sexual orientation, a family with differences in race or ethnicity, or a family with members who are managing a disability. Then, consider potential barriers they might encounter in society. Finally, think about how a social worker might address one of these barriers on an individual, family, organizational, group, or community level. 

Post a brief description of the diverse family system you selected.

Then explain a potential barrier they might encounter in society.

Finally, explain one skill a social worker might use to address this barrier on an individual, family, organizational, group, or community level.




Kirst-Ashman, K. K., & Hull, G. H., Jr. (2015).  Understanding generalist practice (6th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning. Chapter 9, “Understanding Families: Family Assessment” (pp. 330-360)