Prior to beginning work on this discussion read Chapter 10 of your  course text.  Pay close attention to the two case illustrations in  section 10.4 as these may inform the creation of your own illustration  in your initial post.  Also read  the Clarkin, Cain, and Livesley  (2015), Kealy, Steinberg, and Ogrodniczuk (2015), and the Miller, Few,  Lynam, and MacKillop (2015) articles.

For this  discussion, select one of the personality disorders discussed in chapter  10.  Then select one of the seven models of personality covered in this  course. Develop a fictional case illustration that uses the theories in  your selected model to explain the development and causes of the chosen  disorder. Include a brief discussion of possible therapeutic  interventions based on your chosen model. Your initial post should be a  minimum of 300 words

there are 2 parts of this hw, reading the addtachment “spy 2261 hw slides” for instructions  

1) read the reading and answer part 1 question

2) play a game/watch a cartoon designed for childs and answer the part 2 

Unit8disc2 Peer response

Response Guidelines

Read as many of your peers’ posts as time allows, and respond to at least two of them. Try to choose posts that have had the fewest responses.

Address any of the following, insofar as they are relevant:

Does the post provide a critical reflection with respect to developmental themes?

Is it incomplete in any way?

Does it present links to theory or research?

Does it apply lifespan development concepts and learning to an identified specialization?

Can you enlarge upon the ideas presented or suggest variations?

What points are particularly well made?

Peer1 Raymond Lam

I think that Erikson’s stage theory is very relevant to my future specialization and professional career in I/O psychology. The generativity vs. stagnation stage in middle adulthood would be where most workers reside. This would influence my role because I would aim to increase productivity and worker satisfaction; this means making worker’s lives as fulfilling as possible.

I found the theme of leisure and work particularly interesting and relevant. Workers of all ages would have different concepts of leisure and work and it would be important to recognize all differences in how they perceive those concepts. Work in I/O psychology would have to account for all of those varying viewpoints to help workers maintain a healthy work/life balance and high level of satisfaction and fulfillment (Mansell, 2017). Part of my future role would likely include designing policies to help workers achieve an optimal work/life balance; this would help retain talented employees and boost worker morale in general (Schlegel, 2017).

Mansell, N. (2017). Striking the work-life balance. The Veterinary Record, 181(18), 489. Doi:/10.1136/vr.j5091

Schlegel, G. (2017). Achieve work-life balance. Chemical Engineering Progress, 113(3), 52-54. Retrieved from

Peer2 Annette Ellison 

Middle Adulthood is a time when there is a reflection on whether a satisfaction level has been achieved.  It is a time when a ‘mid-life crises’ can occur, but is more indicative of shifting concerns (Broderick & Blewitt, 2014).  The physical and psychological changes in middle adulthood can be a cause for concern.  The physical changes can include immune system compromise, visual changes, hearing loss, menopause, and weight gain.  Psychologically, there can be dissatisfaction with marriage or career, raising children, empty nest syndrome, and lack of a social life.  Mid-life is also a time where they could be in a ‘sandwich’ situation.  They could be taking care of elderly parents, while also taking care of their own children.

 “Midlife serves an important preparatory role in the transition to old age, the evening of life” (Lachman, 2004).  The reading did not specifically address this.  The reading did detail the developmental themes of slowing down due to aging issues.  Specifically it touched on Baltes theory of growth, maintenance and regulation of loss.  They may focus more attention on the past than they have before, Cohler (1982) suggested, serving to enrich their narrative identities and to reveal more nuanced understandings of the self (McAdams, 2014, pg 62, para2). 

As a clinical therapist, I will need to understand the particular circumstances that the patient is working through.  It will take patience as middle adulthood can be a difficult transition.  Psychologically, there is the realization that they are no longer considered a young adult, although they still feel like one.  The older middle adults are feeling the physical effects, such as slower movement and being more susceptible to illness, as well as cognitive concerns of not being able to find words as easily and losing their ‘train of thought’, such as forgetting what they are saying or walking into a room and forgetting why they went in there.  It is imperative to be sensitive to the issues of aging.

As I am in the center of middle adulthood, the reading was very helpful in understanding the changes that are happening by psychologically and physiologically.  I have enjoyed reading this chapter.


Broderick, Patricia C., Pamela Blewitt. Life Span, The: Human Development for Helping Professionals,        4th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions, 01/2014. [Bookshelf Online].

Lachman, M. E. (2004). DEVELOPMENT IN MIDLIFE. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 305-31.             Retrieved from     5848421%3Faccount

McAdams, D.P. (2014), The Life Narrative at Midlife, New Direction for Child & Adolescent          Development, 2014(145), 57-69. doi:10.1002/cad.20067


In this assignment, you will evaluate the research methodologies used in a particular study to apply the knowledge you have gained in the course. This will be your opportunity to explore a research study in depth and gain a stronger understanding of both conducting the research and also reporting the outcome of that research.


Read the following article from the Argosy University online library resources: Multicultural development in human services agencies: Challenges and solutions

Then, in a 5- to 6-page paper: Evaluate the research methodologies used. In your evaluation, make sure that you: Examine the theoretical framework used in the study and assess its appropriateness for the selected research question. Evaluate the way in which the literature review portion of the article informed and supported the research. Analyze the instruments used in data collection and discuss how they were an appropriate selection to achieve the desired outcomes. Evaluate the results and conclusions drawn and discuss the extent to which they supported the research question. Evaluate the ethical considerations that the researchers kept in mind regarding multicultural diversity in data collection, analysis, and interpretation.

I just need about one page nothing crazy. The paper just has to be on Immigration and how being a immigrant can affect your heath. 

in this paper I want you to mention that immigration affects peoples mental health because they always have to be scared of getting deported and having to hold secrets 

and also affects your health because when you are an illegal immigrant you cant get health insurance and ect. 

can also use things from this video  –    


Assignment 2: Persuasive Paper Part 1: A Problem Exists 

Using your thesis statement and research, present the problem that needs to be addressed with your proposed solution. Note: Your solution, advantages, and challenges, will be in Parts 2 and 3. You are only detailing the problem and making sure the reader thoroughly understands the need to read the next two (2) parts of your paper.

Write a three to four (3-4) page draft in which you: 

1.Provide an appropriate title and an interesting opening paragraph to appeal to your stated audience (appeal with logic, ethics, or emotion). 

2.Include a defensible, relevant thesis statement in the first paragraph. (Revised from instructor feedback on Assignment 1.). 

3.Describe the history and status of the issue and provide an overview of the problem(s) that need to be addressed. You should break the issue down into multiple parts (called “problems” for this assignment). For example, if you were writing about jaywalking in a busy city, some of the problems associated could be (1) the lack of available crosswalks, (2) issues with technology like Walk/Don’t Walk signs and mobile phones, and (3) people’s disregard of established laws due to a sense of self-importance. There are several other problems that could be associated with this issue, but those are some ideas. This section should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs.

4.Explain the first problem and provide support for your claims. This should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs.

5.Explain the second problem and provide support for your claims. This should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs.

6.Explain the third problem and provide support for your claims. This should be one or two (1-2) paragraphs.

7.Provide a paragraph that summarizes the stated problems and promises a solution. Do not explain the solution in this paragraph!. 

8.Develop a coherently structured draft that follows the structure outlined above.

9.Use effective transitional words, phrases, and sentences throughout the paper.

10.Support claims with at least three (3) quality, relevant references. Use credible, academic sources available through Strayer University’s Resource Center. You may use additional resources as needed. Note: Wikipedia and similar websites do not qualify as academic resources..

Your assignment must follow these formatting guidelines: •Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.. •Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length..

Note: Submit your assignment to the designated plagiarism program so that you can make revisions before submitting your paper to your professor.

Write a 750-1,000-word assignment that gives a general overview of commonly used substance use disorder treatment approaches. In addition, you are to select two common approaches and compare their similarities and differences.

Include the following in your assignment: A brief description of common empirically researched substance use disorder treatments listed in the topics readings such as (MI, CBT, and SF). Include a minimum of two treatment descriptions. A discussion about the differences of each treatment listed. A discussion about which method you would prefer to use and why. A list of professionals who may be involved in treatment, their role, and how you would coordinate treatment with them. A minimum of two scholarly sources.

Consider using the following level-one APA headings in your paper to help organize the content: Overview of Treatment Approaches to Addictions Counseling Treatment Differences Preferred Method and Rationale Treatment Professionals

Must provide at least 3 scholarly resources. 

 In this assignment, you will have a chance to discuss a topic that brings personality theory together with social psychology. Dealing with unhealthy groups like gangs or cults is an important issue in social psychology. However, you cannot fully address this issue if you do not first understand personality development and how one’s personality affects the choices that are made. Specifically, you will look at Skinner’s behavioral perspective on personality development and discuss how that theory can play a role in this issue of unhealthy groups. 


Bob is an adolescent who grew up in a gang-infested part of a large city. His parents provided little supervision while he was growing up and left Bob mostly on his own. He developed friendships with several kids in his neighborhood who were involved in gangs, and eventually joined a gang himself. Now crime and gang activities are a way of life for Bob. These have become his way to identify with his peer group and to support himself.

It is relatively easy to see that Bob’s environment has played a large role in his current lifestyle. This coincides with Skinner’s concept of environment being the sole determinant of how personality develops. Skinner believed that if you change someone’s environment and the reinforcements in that environment, you can change their behavior.


Use the Internet, Argosy University library resources, and your textbook to research Skinner’s concept of the environment and answer the following questions: If you were to create an environment for Bob to change his behavior from that of a gang member to a respectable and law-abiding citizen, what types of environmental changes and positive reinforcements would you suggest and why? What are some interventions that are used in the field currently? Are there any evidence-based programs that use these environmental and reinforcement interventions?

Write your initial response in 2–3 paragraphs. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.


Case Study Sample 1


The child I have chosen to observe is named Amy.  She is a two-year-old who has fair skin, black hair, and dark brown eyes. Her birthday is May 16th.  Amy is a toddler who lives with both her mother and father.  The socioeconomic status of the family is as follows; her dad attended a two-year technical school where he received an Associate’s Degree in Auto Mechanics. He is now employed by the United States Postal Service, as a lead auto technician, and his income is mid-ranged. His mom also attended a technical school and received a Medical Certificate as a Phlebotomist. For personal reasons, his mother chose to work in a different field after having completed the certificate program.  She is now employed by a small family-owned business and holds a secretarial position.  

In addition to her parents, Amy has an older brother who is named A.J.  He is eight years old.  The family lives in a two-bedroom apartment in the greater Dallas area.  The children share a bedroom, which is decorated with both dolls and cars to accommodate both genders.  They also have a television in their room that is they use for both watching and video gaming.  I specifically chose this child because of her enormous sense of curiosity. 

Physical Development 

Amy can run, walk up stairs with help, and jump off of the floor with both feet. According to the textbook, this is normal large motor development for a two-year-old (Manis, 2017).  During my observation, she used different coloring crayons, picked up small beads (with adult supervision to prevent swallowing), played with blocks and displayed a multitude of other skills which require the workings of the small muscle groups.  She engages in coloring and drawing pictures, and even has a few on display on her parent’s apartment walls! 

According to her mother, Amy is a normal, healthy, growing girl.  There were no reports of problems during her infancy.  One complaint her mother had, however, was the fact that Amy periodically wakes during the night and will wander into her parent’s bedroom to sleep.  Feeding time can be a difficult time for the family, according to Mom.  Amy, if given the opportunity according to her parents, would rather eat McDonald’s chicken nuggets day in and day out.  

Cognitive Development

Amy is in the Mental Representation Phase of Piaget’s Sensorimotor Stage according to the textbook (Manis, 2017). She can remember where objects were last placed and recall them again after a few minutes have passed.  According to her father, Amy loves to sing.  When her mother presents her with a new song, she listens carefully and intently and watches her mother’s lips as she is singing. 

Another example of cognitive learning at work is the fact that her parents are now getting her ready for potty training.  According to Mom, she shows intense curiosity when it’s time “to go” with Mom and observes closely what is being done.  Mom stated that she has been known to lose interest in the task, but responds well when Mom and Dad provide positive reinforcement for voluntarily sitting on the training potty with a diaper still on. 

Amy can speak 2-3 word sentences.  She can express what she wants and responds positively when her parents or caregivers need to correct phrasing. She repeats what was said and nods to indicate that she understands. Though Amy can almost completely finish the “Alphabet Song,” she still on occasion needs assistance in completing it in its entirety.

Social and Emotional Development

Currently, at age two, Amy attends daycare and is kept in a room with other two-year-olds.  It has been recorded that Amy is definitely one of the more dominant children in her classroom. According to her caregiver, she often has a hard time sharing and recently has been labeled a “bully” due to her constant efforts to keep all of the toys to herself.  Amy’s parents stated that they found this interesting because she doesn’t seem to have this problem at home with her older brother.  

When asked to share, or acknowledge, that another classmate would like to play with a toy, Amy (according to her caregiver) has a tantrum and doesn’t understand the concept of sharing.  Consequently, she spends a lot of time in the time-out chair. According to our textbook, toddlers are becoming more independent, and it is typical for them to show some aggression towards other children (Manis, 2017).

Family or Home Factors

Amy is being reared in a two-parent home with an older brother who is eight. The total household size is four. Because both parents work outside of the home, Amy attends a full-day preschool program at her church. The SES of the family has allowed for many opportunities for both A.J. and Amy. 

I observed the parents bicker in front of the children. According to the textbook, it is important for adults to model appropriate social behavior, so this may account for some of Amy’s behavior with her classmates; as children often imitate what their parents say and do (Manis, 2017).


Part 1: 

In summation, I strongly believe that Amy benefits greatly from her family’s SES status. The household income affords the family the ability to go out and explore on many levels; from going to the neighborhood park, the local petting zoo, amusement parks, and her daycare. I believe that a child of Amy’s caliber should continue to be encouraged to do positive things. 

As an infant, her parents surrounded her with multiple stimuli which I feel contributed greatly to her physical and cognitive development. Amy was not limited to just a mobile hanging over her bed, but also had building blocks, computer aides, books, markers, crayons, stickers, flash cards, and an equally curious older brother who helped push her along. 

I chose this child, because of her sense of curiosity and show of an immense amount of courage when it comes to facing new challenges.  Although she is often reluctant to share with other children, she has no problem inquiring about her surroundings and people in them. She would either sit and observe other children at play or sit and observe the “new adult” in the room. But, it wouldn’t be long before she was making her way over to the newcomer and engaging them. It is important that her parents and caregivers work with her on developing positive social skills.

Part 2: 

The learning environment I feel best suited for Amy is one that developmentally appropriate and academically challenging. She can learn quickly and retains information for long periods of time.  An environment that has multiple stimuli and visual aids will be conducive to Amy’s development. 

The ideal learning environment for Amy should also include adults who can provide role models in the nurturing treatment of the children, and the use of non-threatening communication strategies. That supportive environment is currently lacking in her home and should be improved there. Although her diet may present a challenge from time to time, I observed no signs of developmental delays, but it would be beneficial for her for the family to work on improving her nutrition.  If Amy’s parents and teachers work with her, she has a promising future.



Here you place your APA reference for the textbook (The Dynamic Child)

350 words 

Topic: Social and Cultural Variables

Identify the social and cultural variables at your internship site (include variables such as age, gender, ethnicity, culture, family status, economic status, etc. as applicable). Consider these questions: 1. Are there differences between the clients served and the staff serving the clients? 2. Does this make an impact on the delivery of services? 3. How do the social realities around the site (local customs, social status, cultural ‘realities’) impact the clients in your site? 4. How do they impact delivery of services?

Find 1 peer-reviewed article that relates to the importance of awareness of social and cultural differences. In 1 sentence, what did you learn from that article?

My  site is a Day Care (I am doing my community service hours there)