Assignment 2: RA 2: Written Report

You have completed your assessment of the employee and have the required information about the employee. You also have the information about three other predictors you reported in M4 Assignment 1. You have also administered a risk assessment instrument, and the employee has been classified to be at moderate risk for assaultive behavior in the next five years.

On the basis of the results of your investigation, in a mock report format based on the module readings and vignette data for the assignment tasks of the previous modules, create a 10- to 12-page report addressing the following:The results of the interview with the employee (a description of your mock interaction with and the mental status examination of the employee)A specific review of the employee’s predictors of violence factorsAn analysis of the validity and reliability of risk assessment instruments for making predictions of violence appropriate for the employee’s assessmentThe mock conclusions you arrived at about the employee’s potential for showing violence, while explaining reasons for such conclusionsSome cautionary statements about the tenuousness of your conclusions, given the low base rate of violence in the employee

In addition, in your report, identify at least one potential victim of the employee. Make a recommendation for action by the company to protect that victim. Prepare your findings and recommendations in such a way that the employee cannot effectively sue the company for slander. An axiom of law is that negative statements do not constitute slander if they can be supported. Your job is to write the report in such a way (with supportable conclusions) that the company can establish that its actions were prudent.

     

First   response to classmate posted by Sunday

10

 

First   response is at least 150 words

10

 

First   response employs at least 2 citations; one   can be text; other must be from an academic source

10

 

 

Second   response to classmate posted by Sunday

10

 

Second   response is at least 150 words

10

 

Second   response employs at least 2 citations; one   can be text; other must be from an academic source

10

 

FIRST STUDENT TO RESPOND TO

Week 7/ Diagnosing Young Children

Catalina Villarreal(Jul 17, 2018 8:40 PM)- Read by: 2

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Hello class,

What effect might misdiagnosis’s have on children lives?

Without any test for mental health disorders, the gateway to a missed diagnosis is left to perception when the underlining problem isn’t found (CCHR, 2007). When it comes to the effects of misdiagnoses, children with mental health issues such as bipolar disorder, manic depression, and schizophrenia disorders can have devastating consequences on their life.  When a child is miss diagnosed, he or she will probably be prescribed certain medications that may not solve or help the issues.  In addition to being wrongfully medicated, experts can also refer the child to therapies that he or she may not need, which can make matters worse.  Therefore, misdiagnoses can be like placing the wrong permanent labels on children that may bare devastating lifelong consequences. 

Why should or should not we diagnose young children?

According to the American Psychology Association (n.d.) there are approximately 15 million children and adolescents in our nation currently diagnosed with a mental disorder.  Wow! That is a scary amount in my opinion.  Being diagnosed with a mental health disorder is a very sensitive matter because a child’s mental and physical health is at risk.  Not only is the child affected by many mental issues, so are the families.  Being properly diagnosed is important and should be done adequately and over a period. Especially before labeling a child with a mental disorder.  However, I do think that many mental disorders can be misconstrued with a little more than typical behaviors.  For instance, a 2-year-old can show more aggression than a “typical” toddler would and that raise concern for some parents.  Even though the child may just be acting out a little more.  Therefore, I don’t think there is a right or wrong answer to should or should we not diagnose young children.  If the child is diagnosed with a mental disability, he or she deserves the best medical treatment to address the issue.  Just make sure to proceed with caution with any medications that have not yet been approved by the FDA.  

What age is “too young” to diagnoses, or is there no age limit?

According to Briggs, (a Psychologist who works in a healthcare center based in the South Bronx) screaming babies as early as six months for any signs of mental issues is important.  Briggs agrees with many other experts that say waiting until Kindergarten is too late for diagnosing a child (Cardoza, 2016).  Which sounds too young in my opinion, although I’m not an expert.  Young children are still developing and trying to find themselves (in terms of behaviors), therefore, I do think many children are being diagnosed too young.  It seems to be an issue affecting their overall development. 

What are the cons to giving diagnoses too young to children?

The cons to diagnosing too young are the classification that is put on the child.  Classifying a child with a mental disorder can make the child feel that he or she is broken, different, or not normal.  Which comes with its own set of problems.  To also allocating mental health drugs, that are meant for adults who suffer from mental health issues and not yet approved for a child’s consumption.  Which is scary and can also have negative consequences for children.  Children who have been diagnosed too young can isolate themselves and become depressed, worsening their condition.

What are the pros and cons to giving psychiatric medication with young children?

           It is believed that mental illness medications are manufactured for adult patients and not yet approved by the FDA for a child’s consumption (Couric, 2007).  On the contrast, it seems that these medications can have devastating side effects, negatively impacting the child’s health.  Which can lead to other series of mental and health problems.  Misdiagnoses can also deter the patient from receiving the proper treatment for the behaviors and problems they are displaying.  In conclusion, receiving psychiatric medication can have devastating effects on children’s mental and health deuteration, or in some cases death.  Like we learned in the case of Rebecca Riley. 

           On a positive note, these medications also seem to be helping some patients that suffer from mental disorders.  These psychiatric medications can improve the children’s quality of life by treating the underlined problem(s) by improving their behavior.

References

American Psychological Association (n.d). Children’s Mental Health: Why is Children Mental Health Important? Retrieved from:http://www.apa.org/pi/families/children-mental-health.aspx

Cardoza K. (2016). Screening Mental Health In Kindergarten Is Way Too Late, Experts Say. National Public Radio. Retrieved from:https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/09/09/478834927/screening-mental-health-in-kindergarten-is-way-too-late-experts-say

Citizens Commission on Human Rights (2007). Children Misdiagnosed with Mental Health Issues. Retrieved from:http://www.cchrflorida.org/children-misdiagnosed-with-mental-health-issues/#comment-5405

Couric, K. (2007). What Killed Rebecca Riley? CBS News. Retrieved from:https://www.cbsnews.com/news/what-killed-rebecca-riley/3/

SECOND STUDENT TO RESPOND TO

Week 7: Diagnosing Young Children

Alison Jiles(Jul 17, 2018 7:25 PM)- Read by: 1

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Last Edited By Alison Jiles on Jul 17, 2018 7:26 PM

1. What effect might misdiagnosis have on children lives?

Misdiagnosis of any condition on a child could be life-threatening or altering for a variety of reasons. One of the main reasons surrounding medicating a child for a diagnosis that may be incorrect. As visits to the doctor including a mental health diagnosis nearly tripled from 1985 to 1999, psychotropic medication prescriptions followed the incline as well (Glied & Cuellar, 2003). A great reference to go along with this question involves the movie “Brain on Fire,” which can be watched on Netflix. This true story was produced to raise awareness as to how a medical diagnosis can be difficult to separate from mental health diagnosis. If the patient’s parents had not continually pushed for further research and explanation from doctors surrounding their child, she would have had a completely different outcome. This just going to show how life-threatening any type of misdiagnosis can be, especially on children.  

 

2. Why should or should not we diagnose young children?

Some parents or physicians make the mistake of taking a child’s behavior as an insight into their diagnosis. According to Ronson (2011), kids were acting out and throwing temper tantrums, which in turn was leading to a bipolar diagnosis. The parents felt as if their child’s behavior was so damaging to the environment that surely something had to be wrong with them. This can put a child at risk for a misdiagnosis. However, some children are in need of a diagnosis in order to treat them early on before it becomes life-altering or dangerous. Overall, this question is very complex and requires deep research and multiple considerations for each patient during the diagnosis process.

 3. What age is “too young” to diagnose, or is there no age limit?

In working with children in a psychological education center, I was quickly intrigued as to the age the children were when they were being diagnosed with a mental health or behavioral condition. Some literature believes children should not be diagnosed with certain conditions until their personality has matured to a certain level. Most personalities are well developed around age 7, but significant changes can still occur throughout development. According to Costello, Mustillo, Erkanli, Keeler & Angold (2003), the overall prevalence of any disorder was the highest at ages 9 and 10.

 

4. What are the cons of giving diagnoses too young to children?

The diagnosis may not actually be correct, in that it may match with the current actions, temperament and development of the child but not their collective self. The diagnosis could introduce a variety of drugs that could impact the potential development of the child, which could cause more harm than good.

 

5. What are the pros and cons of using psychiatric medication with young children?

If the diagnosis is correct, then introducing the appropriate medication at an early enough age could decrease the likelihood of the symptoms worsening. Psychiatrists and psychologists could provide the family and patient with resources that could potentially have a positive impact on the family as a whole. However, psychiatric medication is often prescribed on a trial and error basis. It can be very difficult to make sure the child is receiving the right dosage, and too much of a certain dose could impact other areas of there life.

 

References:

Ronson, J. (2011). The kids are not alright. New Scientist, 210(2815), 44-47.

Glied, S., & Cuellar, A. E. (2003). Trends And Issues In Child And Adolescent Mental Health. Health Affairs, 22(5), 39-50.

Costello, E. J., Mustillo, S., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G., & Angold, A. (2003). Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence.Archives of general psychiatry, 60(8), 837-844.

Volunteers and political officials in local communities often campaign to improve conditions and provide services to increase the well-being of individuals and families living in those communities. If you are the parent of young children, you might focus on improving the local school or creating safe places where children can play. If you are an individual in later adulthood or a caregiver for an individual in later adulthood, what community resources might be important to you? For this week’s Assignment, you evaluate the resources that your local community provides for its older members. 

 To prepare for this Assignment, research the resources available in your local community to support the issues and concerns of the older population. Note any gaps in these services and consider what improvements might be made to existing services as well as what services should be added. 

 

Submit a 2.5- to 4-page APA paper that includes the following: A description of the services in your local community that support individuals in later adulthood An evaluation of the effectiveness of the services you identified A description of service gaps you identified An explanation of how to improve existing services A description of services that should be added, and why

References:

 Tucker-Seeley, R. D., Li, Y., Sorensen, G., & Subramanian, S. V. (2011). Lifecourse socioeconomic circumstances and multimorbidity among older adults. BMC Public Health, 11(4), 313–321. 

 Zastrow, C. H., & Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2016). Understanding human behavior and the social environment (10th ed.). Boston, MA:  Cengage Learning. 

It’s just a HW assignment. We are to:

 

Provide evidence in support of children being able to testify against the defendant through closed circuit television.

 

 

It only needs to be about 500 words or less. But make it good!!

 

Only paying $12 because its an easy assignment, I just had an emergency come up. 

NEED IN 2 1/2 HOURS

  

Module Chapter 14 Discussion Assignment 

One form of social influence is obedience, which involves “going along with direct commands, usually from someone in a position of authority” (Huffman & Sanderson, 2014, p. 406). The following video clips are replications of Milgrams’ study on obedience and Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison experiment. After viewing, answer the discussion questions.

100 words, substantive, and expand the discussion here is the students response

IS OBEDIENCE DANGEROUS?

To most of us we know that obedience means going along with direct commands, usually from someone in position or authority for example; at least most of us in life have obeyed our parents or guardians. I believe that obedience comes from a place of trust and a place of respect. Unless one is self employed most of us have bosses and when told to perform a task at work we immediately do it because of respect right? So in my opinion I think the teachers in Milgram’s study obeyed because 1.it was claimed to be an experiment and if I was in their shoes am sure in the back of my head I would think it is not as serious since it was not claimed to be the “actual thing” so my moral guards will be down in the beginning but as I go on with the experiment, it would be natural to question the act but because I signed up for this I would fear to ask to leave the experiment plus if I question milgram and he assured me that it’s okay and I should keep going then I think it would be automatic for me to finish what I started.

 

The four factors that influence obedience according to Milgram is; Legitimacy and closeness of the authority figure, remoteness of the victim,assignment of responsibility, and modeling or imitation of others.

 

Similarity in both experiments- participants in both studies had a difficult time ending their participation, and most continued all the way until the end. The reasons for this were similar in both studies. By agreeing to take on the roles they had been assigned, it became very difficult for the participants to back out without breaking the implicit social rule I spoke of earlier.

Difference between both experiments — Another ethical problem in Zimbardo’s study — one avoided by Milgram — was the taking on of a dual role. That is, he was both the “prison superintendent” and the principle researcher of the study. Taking on a dual role made it difficult for him to monitor the progress of the study and its effects on the participants objectively. He stopped the study only reluctantly when it was pointed out to him that the prisoners were suffering terribly. Milgram, on the other hand, was never present during the actual procedure itself, so he was able to remain more objective about any harm being done to his participants. So in my opinion I think Zimbardo’s experiment was more disturbing even though Milgram’s involved electricity. This is because in Milgram’s experiment one was aware of the consequences upfront while zimbardo’s no prisoner knew what would happen to them if they disobeyed the prison guards plus if there were guards who were nice to some prisoners than others then Am sure there was chaos among some prisoners because no one likes unfairness.

RESOURCES: 

· real world psychology by Huffman .   Sanderson

· Baumrind, D. (1964). Some thoughts on ethics of research: After reading Milgram’s “Behavioral Study of Obedience.” American Psychologist, 19, 421-423. doi: 10.1037/h0040128

· Retrieved November 24, 2011, from http://faculty.kent.edu/updegraffj/gradsocial/readings/baumrind.pdf

· Haney, C., Banks, W. C., & Zimbardo, P. G. (1973). Study of prisoners and guards in a simulated prison. Naval Research Reviews, 9, 1–17. Washington, DC: Office of Naval Research. Retrieved November 25, 2011, from http://tinyurl.com/yap9qqx

· Milgram, S. (1974). Obedience to authority: An experimental view. New York: Harper & Row Publishing.

· Zimbardo, P. G. (1975). On transforming experimental research into advocacy for social change. In M. Deutsch & H. Hornstein (Eds.), Applying Social Psychology: Implications For Research, Practice, and Training (pp. 33-66). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum

  

Assignment 1

Subfields of Psychology

Read Chapter 8 in your course text and review the subfields listed in Table 8.3. Locate an additional outside source that lists subfields in psychology or a related field that includes one or more subfields not listed in Table 8.3. Cite the additional source according to APA guidelines in your initial post: Which three subfields in      psychology that most interest you? What personal characteristics      (knowledge, skills, abilities) do you possess that might make these areas      a good fit for you? Which three subfields interest      you the least? If you were challenged with      creating a new subfield, what would be the name of your subfield and what      would it consist of?

Assignment 2

Identify the next step in your academic and/or professional career after graduation. Whether applying to a graduate or professional school or for employment, it is common that applicants are asked to write personal statements. Unfortunately, some applicants have developed habits frowned upon by admissions committees and potential employers (e.g., divulging personal or sensitive information about problems or crises). Consider the prompt: Tell us about yourself and why you are      interested in a position in our graduate program (or organization). Review the advice in section      8.4 in your text and write a two-paragraph answer to the prompt. Your      response should be of the quality to be submitted with an actual      application.

Brain Scans and Application of Research to Brain Injury

(Please follow the RUBRIC)

The past twenty years have seen advancements in technology that were critical to further understanding concepts in cognitive psychology. Two such developments are positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. These scans allow researchers to “see” the brain in action.

Research how brain scans can diagnose injury and disease using the Internet and the Argosy University online library resources. Based on your research, answer the following questions:How do PET and MRI work?If you were showing a person words while having an MRI, what brain areas would probably be active?If a brain injury victim is unable to move the right arm, in which area of the brain would an MRI scan most likely reveal damage?What kind of scan do you think would be best in diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease?How do the research tools (equipment and methodology) available today contribute to a greater understanding of “conscious processes and immediate experience” than was possible using trained introspection and structuralism?

PETs and MRIs also can diagnose head injuries. Consider the following scenario:

You are working at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital and meet with Allison. Allison is in the US Army and has just returned home from a deployment. During her deployment, a bomb was thrown into a vehicle in which she was riding. She was not severely injured but was told that she sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Respond to the following:Define TBI for Allison.Describe any symptoms that Allison might experience.How do you think the army should deal with these injuries? For example, if Allison is not obviously physically impaired, should she be discharged and receive disability pay? Should she be redeployed? If Allison stays in the army, what kinds of jobs do you think she should not perform? 

 

Write a paper (2,000-2,250 words) that addresses the role of the Christian worldview in the application of research ethics in the field of psychology. Address the following in your paper: Is Christianity specifically incompatible with Ph.D. research in the field of psychology? Why or why not? Is the Christian worldview compatible with research ethics in the field of psychology? Why or why not? To what extent should the Christian worldview influence the type of psychology research conducted and the ethics of that research? Why? To what extent do you perceive that the Christian worldview will influence the topic and ethics of your intended dissertation research? Why? Is this different than you expected? Why or why not? (Benchmarks Relationships, Spirit, and Self-Discovery C8.1: Appraise the evolution of one’s personal self and worldview.)

Assignment 2: Discussion: Research Questions for Correlational and Chi-Square Designs

By the due date assigned, post your response to the prompt in the Discussion Area below. Through the end of the module, review at least two of your classmates’ responses, and offer your thoughts on their findings and any recommendations you have to enhance the discourse.

Post a behavioral research situation that could use a Pearson coefficient research study and a chi square research study. Present the rationale for each selection. Be very specific in your presentation.

PSY-100 Week 3 Normal and Abnormal Behavior Scenarios PowerPoint

Prepare and submit a 7- to 10-slide PowerPoint.

Use the worksheet provided to guide your completion of this PowerPoint.  You are not required to submit the worksheet.

You will be graded on your completion of the following within your PowerPoint: Describe what abnormal and normal behavior is. Select two of the four case scenarios. Next identify the abnormal behaviors in each scenario, what possible mental health diagnosis they may show signs of and how these relate to the facts of these disorders illustrated by The Anxiety and Depression Association of America. Please use our other readings for this week as well as videos to assist you.  Explain three treatment strategies for each scenario that you chose. You must include three to four in-text citations in the body of the power point as well as a reference slide. You may use any of our readings or videos from this week to help illustrate your ideas.

While GCU style format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using GCU formatting guidelines, which can be found in the GCU Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the Student Success Center for directions.