As you have gathered in the previous weeks, social psychological insight is relevant to many fields. Some branches of social psychology are specifically focused on application.  In this discussion, we will consider practical applications beyond the scope of previous material.

To inform your thinking on this topic, begin by perusing The Stanford SPARQ Solutions Catalog (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..  Consider the recommended readings to gain additional insight regarding systematic application of social psychology to various fields. 

Then, select an applied branch of social psychology:  psychology and law/forensic psychology, military psychology, health psychology, environmental psychology, etc.  Locate a peer-reviewed, empirical article (i.e., an article that describes a research study, not merely a theoretical review) written from your chosen field.  Summarize the theoretical background of the issue at hand and describe research methods used to investigate this phenomenon.  Explain the social variables that contribute to the thoughts, feelings, or actions under review.   Generate potential applications for the insight gleaned from the article you reviewed, and interpret application of social psychological insight to specific careers in this field.

Your initial post should be 500-1000 words in length and must contain a minimum of one scholarly, peer-reviewed reference, in addition to required course resources as applicable.  Additional credible references are encouraged.

Assignment 3: The Mozart Effect

In this assignment, you will read an article about the Mozart effect and identify various parts of the research process. This exercise will help you learn how to read a research article and to understand the research process.

Read the following article: Rauscher, F. H., Shaw, G. L., & Ky, K. N. (1993). Music and spatial task performance. Nature, 365. 6447: 611. (October 14, 1993). (ProQuest Document ID 76004658).

In your article summary, respond to the following questions:. State the research hypothesis in your own words. Identify the independent and dependent variables. What were some variables the researchers controlled in their study? Why was this necessary? What evidence do the researchers offer as a test of their hypothesis? Is this evidence empirical (observable)? Is it valid? What explanation do the researchers offer for their findings? Does the evidence justify this explanation?

Read the following article:

Jenkins, J.S. (2001). The Mozart effect. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 94, 170-172.

Based on your readings, respond to the following: Do you think there is any merit in the study (Rauscher, Shaw, & Ky, 1993)? Give three reasons for your position. Does the study take individual differences in spatial ability into account? Explain your answer. What are two ways in which the experiment could be modified to make the results more generalizable?

Write a 5–6-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M1_A3.doc.

Assignment 2: Attentional Blink

There are many stimuli in your environment of which you are not aware. You use attention to filter out unimportant stimuli and focus on relevant stimuli. However, there are circumstances under which you cannot perceive stimuli, regardless of how hard you “pay attention.” One situation is when visual stimuli are presented in quick succession. If the interval between the two stimuli is short enough, you do not perceive the second stimulus. This lapse in attention is known as attentional blink. In this assignment, you will experience the attentional blink for yourself and will also read about practical implications of the phenomenon.

Access the CogLab demonstration Attentional Blink. Follow the instructions to complete the demonstration.

Read the following article: Livesey, E. J., Harris, I. M., & Harris, J. A. (2009). Attentional changes during implicit learning: Signal validity protects a target stimulus from the attentional blink. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35(2), 408-408-422. doi:10.1037/a0014525 (ProQuest Document ID: 614494049)

Using the experience from the CogLab demonstration and information from the article, write a paper that addresses the following: Explain how the attentional blink relates to attention. Analyze how the variation in time influences the probability of seeing the second target letter. Explain the circumstances under which the attentional blink can be eliminated. In the CogLab demonstration, letters were used as targets. The target used can influence the duration of one’s attentional blink and whether the attentional blink even occurs. Complete the following tasks: Propose at least two other targets that could be used to induce the attentional blink. Predict the effect each of your suggested targets would have on the duration of one’s attentional blink as compared to the CogLab activity you completed. Explain the reasoning behind your predictions. Present and discuss at least three occupations in which workers’ performance could be adversely affected by attentional blink. Identify and explain the types of problems or mistakes that might occur in such occupations due to the attentional blink. Several years ago, some vehicle models came with a heads-up display (HUD). Instead of looking down at a panel on the dashboard, speed, distance traveled, fuel level, and time appeared to be displayed over the hood of the car. Discuss this design in terms of divided attention and attentional blink. Do you think the design was a good idea?

Write a 4-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.doc.

Drug TestingThe purpose of this assignment is to expose you to the ethical implications related to conducting research in sport and exercise environments. You will examine the potential pitfalls of a dual-role relationship where research is being conducted by someone who also works in another professional capacity with athletes.For this assignment, read this article from the Argosy University online library resources:Shamoo, A. E., & Moreno, J. D. (2004). Ethics of research involving mandatory drug testing of high school athletes in Oregon. American Journal of Bioethics, 4(1), 25–31.Now, answer the following questions:What are the ethical dilemmas created by the ideology, design, structure, and execution of the drug testing of high school athletes in the state of Oregon?Prior to the beginning of such studies, what steps can be taken to ensure ethical principles are followed and individual privacy rights are protected during the study? Answer based on the lessons learned from the article.Write a 300–500-word response in the Microsoft Word document format. Name the file SP6300_M4_A2_LastName_FirstInitial.doc. By the due date assigned, post your response to the Submissions Area and the appropriate Discussion Area.Through the end of the module, comment on the posts of two of your peers. In your reviews, check whether the posting provides solutions and specific steps to address privacy and other ethical issues prior to collecting data. All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.Grading CriteriaMaximum PointsIdentified and described the ethical dilemmas in the drug testing of high school athletes in the state of Oregon.8Analyzed and described steps for ensuring the protection of ethical principles and individual privacy rights during a study.12Reviewed the posts of at least two peers and commented on the solutions and steps provided.8Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources, displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.4Total:32

This essay serves as the next section in your research paper and focuses on contingency leadership theories. In a 500- word essay, discuss how this leader adapts his or her leadership style to fit the situation or the people in a given situation. Incorporate the normative leadership theory in your discussion.

 An attitude is an evaluative reaction (i.e., feelings), often  based on belief and demonstrated through behavior. In this discussion,  we will consider intergroup attitudes by examining stereotypes,  prejudice, and discrimination.  To inform your thinking on this topic, begin by reading “Toward a  Relevant Psychology of Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination:  Linking Science and Practice to Develop Interventions that Work in  Community Settings” (Acevedo-Polakovich, Beck, Hawks, & Ogdie,  2016), “Intergroup Contact Theory” (Pettigrew, 1998), and “Summary and  Conclusions” (Sherif, Harvey, Hood, Sherif, & White, 1988).  Then, select a group.  Possible dimensions from which you may select  your group include, but are not limited to:  race, gender, social class,  nationality, sexual identity, (dis)ability, rural versus urban status,  religious belief, incarceration/criminal history, occupational status,  victim, military status, and so on.  Provide a brief summary of the  group and concrete examples to illustrate.  Summarize social  psychological theory and research relevant to the experiences of members  of this target group (e.g., What are the origins of prejudice toward  this group? What are the influences on members of this group? etc.), and  explain practical, original, and specific strategies for enhancing  intergroup relations.  Your initial post should be 500-1000 words in length and must contain a  minimum of three scholarly, peer-reviewed references, in addition to  required course resources as applicable.  Additional credible references  are encouraged. 

Memory

Prior to beginning this discussion, please read and view the following required sources: “Flexible Retrieval: When True Inferences Produce False Memories” “Memory Suppression in Alzheimer’s Disease” “Mnemonic Instruction in Science and Social Studies for Students with Learning Problems: A Review” “Short-Term Memory and Long-Term Memory Are Still Different” “The Development of Real-Time Stability Supports Visual Working Memory Performance: Young Children’s Feature Binding Can Be Improved Through Perceptual Structure” Memory

In your initial post, you will apply what you learned from each of the five articles, but you will discuss the findings and implications for just one of these articles. The articles are assigned based on the first letter of your last name. Please see the list below to determine which of the articles you will focus on for your initial post based on the first letter of your last name:

A through E: “Flexible Retrieval: When True Inferences Produce False  F through J: “Memory Suppression in Alzheimer’s  K through O: “Mnemonic Instruction in Science and Social Studies for Students with Learning Problems: A  U through Z: “The Development of Real-Time Stability Supports Visual Working Memory Performance: Young Children’s Feature Binding Can Be Improved Through Perceptual Structure”

In your initial post, Explain the empirical research presented in your assigned article, applying appropriate citations and references. Describe, in your own words, how the research relates to your own experiences as well as how this area of psychology may have affected your past or current beliefs about memory development. Do the research findings refute or support your current beliefs, and in what ways? Are there variables about memory of which you were unaware based on your article? Apply skeptical inquiry to the potential problems that might arise from research in the area of memory, and relate it to the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Provide a rationale for whether or not this premise is valid and/or appropriate based on the findings reported by the assigned articles.

It is recommended that you research articles in the Ashford University Library to support your assertions if the required articles do not provide sufficient information. Your initial post should be at least 500 words in length.

 

Have you ever taken five minutes to check email and realize two hours later that you have been sitting on the computer reading websites or social media? This is not unusual these days for just about anyone. In getting ready for this Discussion, you kept a record of your interactions with digital technology and communications in order to measure the amount of time you spend in “cyberspace.” It is likely that the more time you have spent using digital technology, you have seen increased incidents of violations of cyber civility.

For this Discussion, you use the Tracking Template from this week’s Learning Resources where you collected your interactions with digital technology. Based on the interactions you collected, in this Discussion you consider the digital technologies in which you have interacted, along with how much interaction you have had. You also reflect on incidents of cyber civility.

To Prepare for this Discussion: Consider the different types of digital technologies as well as communication technologies and the amount of interaction you have with these technologies Review this week’s Learning Resources related to Cyber Civility and behaviors Reflect on incidents of cyber civility you have witnessed during your interactions while using digital technology Review the Tracking Template from this week’s Learning Resources and use it for this Discussion Over a 24-hour period, use the Tracking Template to keep track of the digital technology and communication technologies you used and the amount of time you spent using them. Note: You will not be submitting your completed template.  

Tracking Template

  

Digital Technology and/or Communication   Technology Used

Date

(24 hr   period only)

Number of Times Used/Accessed (use tally   marks)

Type of Interactions

Examples of Cyber Civility Violations by   Others

 

SAMPLE: Facebook©

7/4/16

Sharing links, responding to friends’ posts, sharing pictures

Posting derogatory remarks about another person’s post.

 

Facebook, 

3/12/18

IIII

Viewing and responding   to family and friends. 

Some derogatory remarks   by another person. 

 

Pandora 

3/12/18

I

Listen to music

Some explicit lyrics

 

Amazon Kindle Reader

3/12/18

II

Read novel

Adult content in stories

 

Messenger video chat

3/12/18

II

Talk to son and   grandchildren

None

Note: Use this template to help you gather your data and for your notetaking. You will use this template to assist you in Week 3’s Discussion.

1/ 2: Ethical Guidelines

In this assignment, you will identify the similarities and differences between the two sets of ethical guidelines that pertain to forensic psychology professionals—Ethical Principles of Psychologists (APA Ethics Code) and Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology. You will understand the expectations for ethical behavior in the field and will be able to identify breaches of the guiding principles of ethical conduct.

Tasks:

In a minimum of 300 words, respond to the following:

* Compare and contrast the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists (APA Ethics Code) and Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology.

* Provide examples of clear failures to work toward each of the five general principles specified in the APA Ethics Code.

  Thesis Statement for the Integrative Literature Review

In this assignment, you will create the thesis statement for your Final Assignment. The thesis is the statement of your perspectives on the literature. It should also include the rationale and relevant empirical and theoretical background supporting your perspectives. The primary objective of this assignment is to outline specific areas of inquiry you intend to answer in the course of the Integrative Literature Review. Although they may change during the course of the review, articulating these areas of inquiry early will help provide focus and direction for your research.

Begin by introducing the areas of inquiry to be included in your Integrative Literature Review. Explain your perspective on the literature and include how you arrived at this viewpoint, how the literature you have chosen to include supports this viewpoint, and why this perspective is relevant to the field of psychology.

Based on your introduction, briefly discuss the literature you have chosen by integrating concepts developed from your four different content domains. Be sure to utilize at least one peer-reviewed source per domain. Construct clear and concise arguments using evidence-based psychological concepts and theories to support your perspectives regarding the literature. 

To conclude your assignment, identify any overarching implications shown in the studies and describe how these influenced your perspectives on the literature.

The Integrative Literature Review: Thesis Statement Must be two to three double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Must include a separate title page with the following: Title of paper Student’s name Course name and number Instructor’s name Date submitted Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis. Must use at least four peer-reviewed sources (one source per domain). Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Must include a separate reference list that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.