Specifically the following critical elements must be addressed: III. Creating Connections: Now that you have broken the social issue into smaller pieces in the concept map, you will explain the connections you made and how these connections will help you better understand the issue, using your knowledge from the course. You will use your knowledge from the course to describe the connections between the sociological concepts and the social issue and demonstrate the value of using a sociological view when examining social issues.

 A. Cultural 1. Describe the relationship between the cultural beliefs and biases identified in the map and the social issue, and provide specific examples to support your description. For example, you might describe how the relationship is positive, negative, or strained. 2. Explain how the cultural beliefs and biases identified in the map help you better understand the social issue. 

B. Social Roles 1. Describe the relationship between the social roles identified in the map and the social issue, and provide specific examples to support your description. For example, you might describe how the relationship is positive, negative, or strained. In your response, you might consider what expectations are in place because of the social roles. 2. Explain how the social roles identified in the map help you better understand the social issue. 

C. Social Inequalities 1. Describe the relationship between the social inequalities identified in the map and the social issue. How are the social inequalities present in the issue? 2. Explain how the social inequalities identified in the map help you better understand the social issue. 

D. Impact of Social Change 1. Describe how the social issue is challenging the existing state or conditions, providing specific examples. 2. How might the social issue facilitate change for the existing state or conditions? Provide specific examples.



Respond to at least two colleagues who selected articles that addressed different national tragedies. Analyze and discuss the similarities and differences of the needs of the individuals involved in these tragedies. What are some of the factors that needed to be addressed by the mental health community in both of these events? How can social work address the gaps in available services?

Colleague 1: Pascha

Traumatic events are increasing throughout society over the last ten to twenty years. The most recent tragedy is that of the Las Vegas shooting that left approximately 60 dead and over 500 injured. One can’t help but to question if we are becoming more accustomed to such tragedies, the intensity and severity has gotten worse or we have better adaptation and resiliency to such stressors. Many have their own justifications such as gun control, mental illness left untreated, PTSD from war and more. What set out to be an evening of country music and celebration turned into a night of bloody terror, leaving those affected at risk of severe PTSD. Over the last week, this tragedy has not only affected those directly involved, but everyone across our great nation. Tragedies such as this is causing people to avoid large populated areas, finding flaws in our justice system and oversights. As each day passes, there is some mention of more devastation and tragedy due to this mass shooting and citizens are re-focusing their attention and priorities. If this tragedy didn’t affect us personally, it affected a great spectrum of those who love country music, those who love the bright lights and excitement of Las Vegas and etc. In some form or fashion, this tragedy has affected us all.

                     Psychosocial issues that need to be addressed following the Las Vegas shooting include the openness of discussion of what happened, why it happened, how it could have been prevented and much more. There needs to be a place where those affected can cry and express emotions, fears, questions, uncertainty and more. Research has shown that “psychological first aid” or early mental health responses is relatively new and has shown great benefits (Calhoun & Tedeschi, 2008). Another issues that needs addressed is how we explain this tragedy to our children; how much to tell them, how much to not disclose and then allow them to ask questions, but most importantly is to be honest. Seventy percent of adults in the US have experienced some type of traumatic event at least once in their lives (DeLois, 2015). Victims of such tragedies need to feel safe, at this point for these Vegas victims, talking isn’t the most important part just yet.

                          There are many successful interventions that can be implemented to address these psychosocial issues include talk therapy. According to the internet, news and media; there are several crisis centers that are in place in the Las Vegas area to assist the victims, their families, the first responders, medical staff, motel staff and more. Talk therapy allows those affected to merely talk about what they seen, heard, felt and more. This form of cognitive behavior therapy recognizes the ways of thinking that are keeping you “stuck”. An example of this includes the negative beliefs and the risk of such traumatic events happening again. Another wonderful and extremely effective intervention for tragedies such as this magnitude is exposure therapy. Here, this behavioral therapy helps victims to safely face both the situations and memories so that one can learn to cope with them effectively. This approach is extremely helpful for issues such as flashbacks and nightmares. As we continue to view graphic footage from the media only paves the path for harming the recovery process. The victims and their loved ones should only listen to the news long enough to know what is merely happening and then simply turn the TV off. Continuously experiencing the trauma unfolding even If you haven’t been directly impacted can take its toll.

                The effectiveness of the above mentioned interventions in the article include how CBT is empirically based. Numerous studies can be analyzed, surveyed and even combined with CBT to show its effectiveness. The data behind CBT is well controlled, analyzed sufficiently and the results speak for themselves. If psychotherapy is to be taken seriously, it must rely on empirical research (DeLois, 2015). As social workers, we cannot simply use anecdotes, testimonials, narratives or tirades to guide our choice or treatments. CBT deals with serious problems such as exposure and survival to traumatic events, such as those from the Vegas shooting. Moreover, CBT has been found to provide significant advantages in the treatment of bipolar, PTSD, schizophrenia and other mental health disorders. Lastly, CBT examines the origins of the problem at hand. When founded by Beck, CBT describes the “formation, persistence and maladaptive coping of early schemas” (Calhoun & Tedeschi, 2008).

                          There are extremely significant implications of social work in connection to traumatic events that include the relation of psychological wellbeing, distress, post-traumatic growth and much more. Empowerment-based programs are becoming more common in the social work field, yet very little research has been done on the implications of empowerment for social work practice (DeLois, 2015). Dynamic training that addressed traumatic events will be needed for social workers. In all areas of crises, social workers are needed in the continuum of care for the victims. Social workers will need to work as members of a team in addressing the needs of victims for preventative, curative and rehabilitative services (Calhoun & Tedeschi, 2008). Unfortunately, the status alone of a social worker can prevent victims from wanting to discuss matters because of the societal stigma attached to social work. This stigma is not something that social workers alone as professionals can eliminate, society can and only when society accepts that social workers are doing positive work and advocating for those affected by traumatic events and tragedies



Calhoun, L. and Tedeschi, R. (2008). Beyond Recovery From Trauma: Implications for Clinical Practice and Research. Journal of Social Issues, Volume 54, Issue 2, pages 357-371.

DeLois, Kate. (2015). The Organizational Context of Empowerment Practice: Implications for Social Work Administration. Social Work, Volume 40, Issue 2, pages 249-258.

Colleague 2: Brian

The event that I will focus my attention on for this discussion question is the Orlando Pulse nightclub shooting. It was approximately a year and a half ago when a mass shooting at LGBTQ nightclub took place, claiming 49 individuals.  There are several psychosocial issues that derived from this tragedy.  In many cases what occurred at Pulse enhanced already existing problematic psychosocial dilemmas for many members of the LGBTQ community, not only those who reside in Orlando area, but also those around the country as well.  Generally speaking, members of the LGBTQ community have fewer places to feel included than do their heterosexual counter parts.  LGBTQ friendly establishments, such as Pulse (and other places that are not necessarily night clubs), offer a sense of inclusiveness to those who desire to fit in with others in community and with allies who are heterosexual.  It was an attack where many found comfort in their community. The mass shooting at Pulse adds to the psychological related issues many members face as a result of the discrimination they experience in their lives.  One of which contributes to their chances of suffering from PTSD later in their lives (Samuelson, 2016).  

During my research for this event I uncovered several stories about crisis management during and shortly after the event.  There were scores of counseling teams that conducted the initial process of therapeutic interventions for the victims.  The response by the local counselors in Orlando was remarkable. As Candace Crawford, president and CEO of the Mental Health Association of Central Florida, pointed out the crisis team in place during days after the Pulse shooting was adequate, however, many will not find it sufficient when they encounter the effects of the trauma later on (Bray, 2016).  This brings me to the point I would like to make in this discussion. Little research pertaining to therapeutic interventions for trauma related events, like the one we witnessed in Orlando that affects the LGBTQ community as a whole is scarcely discussed in literature.  When it is, it is so in brief detail. 

There are implications that social workers may encounter while working with trauma patients who are LGBTQ.  Individuals are affected by trauma in different ways as Ogden, Minton, & Pain (2006) points out.  These effects vary because of age, human development, their gender, existing risks and strengths, and available social support systems.  Even further, trauma victims are at risk for developing addictions.  This is troubling with estimates of addiction among the LGBTQ community to be as high as 30% (Redding, 2014).  Thus, the social worker will need to be cognizant the intervention must take into account the substance abuse addiction factors.


Bray, B. (2016). Counselors play part in Orlando crisis response – Counseling Today. [online] Counseling Today. Available at: https://ct.counseling.org/2016/07/counselors-play-part-orlando-crisis-response/ [Accessed 11 Oct. 2017].

Ogden, P., Minton, K., & Pain, C. (2006). Trauma and the body: A sensorimotor approach to psychotherapy. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company.

Redding, B. (2014). LGBT Substance Use — Beyond Statistics. Social Work Today, [online] 14(4), p.8. Available at: http://www.socialworktoday.com/archive/070714p8.shtml [Accessed 11 Oct. 2017].

Samuelson, K. (2016). It Doesn’t ‘Get Better’ For Some Bullied LGBT Youths – Northwestern Now. [online] News.northwestern.edu. Available at: https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2016/02/lgbt-bullying-mental-health/ [Accessed 11 Oct. 2017].


Respond to your colleagues’ responses within the small group discussion. Offer alternative strategies for presenting policy proposals.

Colleague 1: Holly

he means of communication used depends of the needs of the population social workers are representing as well as the policy makers the social workers are communicating with. Social workers must build relationships with legislators and policymakers and garner awareness of issues important to legislators and policy makers (Jackson-Elmoore, 2005). Social workers must acquire knowledge of legislator preference for information gathering (Jackson-Elmoore, 2005). Social workers should empower individuals and groups to share concerns with policy makers (Jackson-Elmoore, 2005).

One area requiring attention is homeless veterans. In 2016, “the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Estimates that 39,471 veterans are homeless on any given night.” (FAQ About Homeless Veterans, 2017). Social workers can begin garnering awareness in local communities, gathering support from residents, and contacting local and state officials. Social workers can communicate the needs of the homeless populations to legislators and policy makers, stressing their dedication of service to their country. Through community outreach and communication to legislators, social workers can highlight the trauma service members endure that may have led to their homelessness, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD, traumatic brain injury, TBI, substance abuse, and low socioeconomic status (“Veteran Homelessness,” 2015). Social worker should relate to the values of legislators and policy makers shared by service members (Jackson-Elmoore, 2005).


FAQ About Homeless Veterans. (2017). National Coalition for Homeless Veterans. Retrieved 12 October 2017, from http://nchv.org/index.php/news/media/background_and_statistics

Jackson-Elmoore, C. (2005). Informing State Policymakers: Opportunities for Social Workers. Social Work, 50(3), 251-261.

Jansson, B. S. (2018). Becoming an effective policy advocate: From policy practice to social justice (8th ed.). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Series.

Veteran Homelessness. (2015). National Alliance to End Homelessness. Retrieved 12 October 2017, from https://endhomelessness.org/resource/veteran-homelessness/

Colleague 2: This is a follow-up question from the original discussion post from the instructor.

Original Post:

Communicating the needs of vulnerable populations to policy makers who may not share your views about the need for services may involve reminding them of the reasons for the existence of the said people, or the existence of their problems. Policy makers may question resolutions that oppose deportation of immigrants. Even though the problems of a vulnerable community may not be as a result of failure of the economic system, it is vital to relate to how the problems impact on the economic system (Jackson-Elmoore, 2005). It would help to appeal to the ideals shared by policy makers. For example, most of them are proud that the United States presents a land of opportunity and liberty to citizens and foreigners, and it is only logical that immigrants are attracted to the country. It would also be helpful to relate to the ideals of equality, as enshrined or promised in the Constitution (Howlett, McConnell, & Perl, 2014). As an advocate, and if that is the case, I would elicit support for desired goals by reminding policy makers that the vital resources will mostly be sourced from well-wishers. According to Jansson (2018), it can be helpful to remind policy makers that budgets would not be heavily distorted through funding programs.

Instructor Question

Thanks for your input. Often times politicians need to feel the pressure-the public unrest if you will-to proceed with decisive action in the policy arena.  How would you help create/stimulate this pressure without offending them in your lobbying efforts, in other words, with tact and diplomacy?


***Each response needs to be ½ page with 1 or more references***


Prior to completing this discussion, please read the required chapter from the Lerner, Easterbrooks, Mistry, & Weiner (2013) ebook, Baltes (1987), Hudson-Barr (2004), and American Psychological Association (2003) articles. Additionally, review the Human Development Theoretical Perspectives document required for this week.

Select one of the perspectives identified in the Theoretical Perspectives to Understand Human Development document and identify one theory (Freud’s Psychosexual Theory, Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory, etc.) that you would like to explore more.

Explain the theory you selected providing a well-developed overview. In addition, research one peer-reviewed article from your selected theoretical perspective in the Ashford University Library. Summarize the article being sure to include research question(s) and/or problem(s), target population and sample (specific group within the target population), measures (tests, instruments, and/or questionnaires used), procedures (how the study was conducted), and conclusions presented in the article. Analyze the ethical considerations, as well as the benefits and limitations of the research proposing solutions or suggestions for any issues or concerns.

Explain the theory you selected providing a well-developed overview. In addition, research one peer-reviewed article from your selected theoretical perspective in the Ashford University Library. Summarize the article being sure to include research question(s) and/or problem(s), target population and sample (specific group within the target population), measures (tests, instruments, and/or questionnaires used), procedures (how the study was conducted), and conclusions presented in the article. Analyze the ethical considerations, as well as the benefits and limitations of the research proposing solutions or suggestions for any issues or concerns.

Guided Response: Review several of your colleagues posts and respond to at least two of your peers including one response to a classmate in each of the other two groups by 11:59 p.m. on Day 7 of the week. You are encouraged to post your required replies earlier in the week to promote more meaningful and interactive discourse in this discussion.

Prior to crafting your responses, critically review the theory and article selected. Did your classmate provide enough detail for you to understand the theory and appropriately identify the specified elements of the article selected? What elements might you suggest he or she consider that were not present in the initial post? Were there ethical concerns presented in the article your colleague studied that were not addressed in his or her post? Was your colleague’s description of the proposed changes clear and appropriate in terms of the information presented in his or her article? Propose at least one change that your colleague did not consider, and explain why it would be an improvement to the study. Continue to monitor the discussion forum until 5:00 p.m. (Mountain Time) on Day 7 of the week and respond to anyone who replies to your initial post.


Lisa Jones is a 49-year-old female who has never been married and has no children. Lisa was diagnosed 16 years ago with paranoid schizophrenia. Lisa is on Medicaid but has been turned down for Social Security benefits. She lives alone in a rural town, but her housing is in jeopardy, as she disrupts the other tenants with her rants. Lisa is not on any medication for schizophrenia and refuses to go to the local community mental health agency for treatment. Lisa denies she has schizophrenia, but when her symptoms are exacerbated, she ends up at the local emergency room or is involuntarily hospitalized. Identify some barriers to Lisa receiving treatment for her schizophrenia. Explain what role the community mental health agency could have in treating Lisa. Describe some other pathways to care that Lisa could take advantage of to treat her illness.

The second and longer writing assignment for this class most closely typifies the traditional “research paper” that students complete while finishing a degree in psychology. Each student will submit a paper of approximately 8-12 pages in length (double-spaced in American Psychological Association Publication Manual format) on a topic related to the course.

It is expected that this research paper will constitute an original work on your part, using relevant citations from the professional literature, thoughtfully developing a thesis statement, and providing a logical conclusion. As such, this paper should be in such a form as to permit submission to a local, regional, or national psychological conference. If you have questions or concerns about this paper at any time during the course of the semester, please consult with your instructor for guidance 

Topic: How children with adhd succeed in school

must have a turnit in report 

Among the different perspectives on development is Erik Erikson’s theory, which we will refer to throughout the course. This theory examines development during every stage of the human lifespan and focuses on a central issue or conflict that should be resolved at each stage. In this assignment, you will be asked to consider development during adolescence and its impact on adult development.

Review Erikson’s stage of identity versus identity confusion in your readings for the module. Respond to the following:

Is identity development ever complete? Why or why not?

What are the signs that someone has reached identity achievement?

In your own life, what are some of the challenges you have faced in trying to establish your own identity?

Support your arguments with research, citing sources.

Write your initial response in 150–200 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources

Must be APA format Times new romans 12 inch format. Standard borders  I inch Margin , no wikipedia  for research . 


After reading the article on the bystander intervention in  emergencies, answer the following question: What are the main forces  that lead a person not to respond (or to respond) in an emergency  situation?

Describe a situation you have been in (or are familiar with)  where you believe this phenomenon occurred. How did you feel, and how  did you respond or not respond? Based on the readings, what main forces  guided your response of lack thereof?

   I need this back Wednesday 10/18/17 by 10 am EDT New York time  

Social learning theory postulates that gender development is influenced by social environment, which includes the media. An individual’s gender-related behavior is either reinforced or punished during the development period based on the existing social beliefs and standards.

The following assignment will help you examine gender development from the perspective of both boys and girls based on today’s culture and with a look toward future trends.

Using the module readings, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, research social learning theory and gender development during childhood.

Applying the tenets of the social learning theory, explain the role of reinforcement and punishment in gender-related behaviors for boys and girls. Address the following: Identify 3–5 examples of gender-related behaviors that are developed through reinforcement or punishment. Be sure to provide a balanced view for boys and girls, and select examples which apply to the development of both boys and girls. Explain, in detail, how these behaviors have been shaped by reinforcement and punishment. Describe your own experiences with reinforcement and punishment of gender-related behaviors. Comment on the following: Explain the role of popular culture in the development of reinforcements and punishments. Describe what reinforcements and punishments might look like in the future, given current societal trends.

Support your assertions using valid research. Be sure to integrate a reflection of your personal experiences and examples throughout your paper.

Write a 2–3-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to the formatting of your paper and the citation of sources. Remember to include a cover page and reference page in APA format. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.doc.

By the due date assigned, deliver your assignment to the Submissions Area.

  Question 8 Describe two intellectual standards, and give examples of each from your own life.

Your response should be at least 75 words in length.